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Estimación de la eficiencia del sector metalmecánico en colombia: análisis de frontera estocástica

Author

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  • Gerardo Antonio Buchelli Lozano

    ()

  • Jhon Jairo Marín Restrepo

    ()

Abstract

En este documento se evalúa el desempeño del sector metalmecánico en Colombia,durante el período 1998-2007, utilizando técnicas de frontera estocástica (SFA)que, a través de la estimación de las desviaciones de una función ideal de costos,permiten medir los niveles de eficiencia económica de las diversas unidades deproducción. Los resultados indican que existen diferencias significativas en eldesempeño de los doce departamentos incluidos en el análisis, por lo que se sugiereque se podrían obtener importantes ganancias en términos de reducción de costossi las unidades de producción se acercaran a los niveles de operación de las máseficientes. Adicionalmente, se encuentra que, durante el periodo de análisis, seobserva un cambio significativo en la eficiencia de costos del sector, lo cual se puede explicar debido al impacto de la crisis económica registrada en el país, a finales de la década de los noventa, sobre las unidades de producción del sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerardo Antonio Buchelli Lozano & Jhon Jairo Marín Restrepo, 2012. "Estimación de la eficiencia del sector metalmecánico en colombia: análisis de frontera estocástica," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:010372
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ligia Melo Becerra, 2005. "Impacto De La Descentralización Fiscal Sobre La Educación Pública Colombiana," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002802, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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    4. Schmidt, Peter & Sickles, Robin C, 1984. "Production Frontiers and Panel Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 2(4), pages 367-374, October.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    fronteras estocásticas; eficiencia económica; productividad; metalmecánica.;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D20 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - General
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • L64 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Other Machinery; Business Equipment; Armaments

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