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Gross Inequality and Inequality of Opportunities in Basic Education: Were they affected by Latin America’s Economic Boom?

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  • Natalia Krüger

    ()

  • Luis Fernando Gamboa

    ()

  • Fábio Waltenberg

    ()

Abstract

In the context of economic growth and recovering socio-economic conditions, many Latin American countries have implemented deep educational reforms since the beginning of the century. This paper aims to analyse whether these changes have promoted equality of educational opportunities in the region. Both the access and knowledge and skills dimensions are evaluated for six important countries, deepening the analysis for Argentina, Brazil and Colombia, in order to better understand the trends observed. Results point to reasonable progress in access, but reflect an unsatisfactory evolution of the level and distribution of knowledge and skills –as reflected by PISA test scores–.

Suggested Citation

  • Natalia Krüger & Luis Fernando Gamboa & Fábio Waltenberg, 2014. "Gross Inequality and Inequality of Opportunities in Basic Education: Were they affected by Latin America’s Economic Boom?," Documentos de Trabajo 012322, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:012322
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Menezes-Filho, Naercio & Pazello, Elaine, 2007. "Do teachers' wages matter for proficiency? Evidence from a funding reform in Brazil," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 660-672, December.
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    5. Luis Fernando Gamboa & Erika Londoño, 2014. "Equality of educational opportunities in Colombia: A metropolitan area comparison," Documentos de Trabajo 011040, Universidad del Rosario.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    education; equality of opportunities; Latin America; PISA;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • C78 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Bargaining Theory; Matching Theory

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