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Inequality of Opportunity in Education: Accounting for the Contributions of Sibs, Schools and Sorting across East Africa

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  • Anand, Paul
  • Behrman, Jere R.
  • Dang, Hai-Anh H.
  • Jones, Sam

Abstract

Inequalities in the opportunity to obtain a good education in low-income countries are widely understood to be related to household resources and schooling quality. Yet, to date, most researchers have investigated the contributions of these two factors separately. This paper considers them jointly, paying special attention to their covariation, which indicates whether schools exacerbate or compensate for existing household-based inequalities. The paper develops a new variance decomposition framework and applies it to data on more than one million children in three low-income East African countries. The empirical results show that although household factors account for a significant share of total test score variation, variation in school quality and positive sorting between households and schools are, together, no less important. The analysis also finds evidence of substantial geographical heterogeneity in schooling quality. The paper concludes that promoting equity in education in East Africa requires policies that go beyond raising average school quality and should attend to the distribution of school quality as well as assortative matching between households and schools.

Suggested Citation

  • Anand, Paul & Behrman, Jere R. & Dang, Hai-Anh H. & Jones, Sam, 2018. "Inequality of Opportunity in Education: Accounting for the Contributions of Sibs, Schools and Sorting across East Africa," GLO Discussion Paper Series 270, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:270
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    2. Akmal, Maryam & Pritchett, Lant, 2021. "Learning equity requires more than equality: Learning goals and achievement gaps between the rich and the poor in five developing countries⋆," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    inequality of opportunity; education achievement; decomposition; household; school; sorting; Africa;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D6 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics
    • H0 - Public Economics - - General
    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development

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