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Evolution of Teachers' Salaries in Latin America at the Turn of the 20th Century: How Much Are They (Under or Over) Paid?

Author

Listed:
  • Mizala, Alejandra

    () (University of Chile)

  • Nopo, Hugo R.

    () (GRADE)

Abstract

How much are teachers paid in comparison to those in other professions in Latin America? How have these differences evolved at the turn of the 20th century? This paper reports the evolution, between circa 1997 and circa 2007, of teachers´ salaries vis-à-vis workers in other professional and technical occupations for thirteen Latin-American countries. After controlling the earnings differentials by observable characteristics linked to productivity it is found that the hourly earnings gap, although substantial, decreased throughout the decade. This has been the case for earnings gaps at the main and secondary jobs, and also for those measured in terms of monthly and yearly earnings. Nonetheless, behind the region averages there is an important cross-country heterogeneity.

Suggested Citation

  • Mizala, Alejandra & Nopo, Hugo R., 2012. "Evolution of Teachers' Salaries in Latin America at the Turn of the 20th Century: How Much Are They (Under or Over) Paid?," IZA Discussion Papers 6806, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6806
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Asadullah, Mohammad Niaz, 2006. "Pay differences between teachers and other occupations: Some empirical evidence from Bangladesh," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 1044-1065, December.
    2. Dale Ballou & Michael Podgursky, 1995. "Recruiting Smarter Teachers," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 30(2), pages 326-338.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Evolution of Teachers’ Salaries in Latin America at the Turn of the 20th Century: How Much Are They (Under or Over) Paid?
      by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2012-10-01 19:41:05
    2. New historical development papers on my desk
      by Robin in Cherokee Gothic on 2013-04-18 18:00:05
    3. Y tú, ¿quieres que tus hijos sean docentes?
      by Hugo Ñopo in La educación de calidad es posible on 2014-02-15 01:40:18
    4. Y tú, ¿quieres que tus hijos sean docentes?
      by Hugo Ñopo in Foco Económico on 2014-02-18 03:00:15

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    Cited by:

    1. Gamboa, Luis Fernando & Krüger, Natalia, 2016. "Does the contribution made by early education to later academic achievement differ in Latin America?: PISA 2009-2012," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    2. Natalia Krüger & Luis Fernando Gamboa & Fábio Waltenberg, 2014. "Gross Inequality and Inequality of Opportunities in Basic Education: Were they affected by Latin America’s Economic Boom?," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 012322, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
    3. Manabu Nose, 2015. "Estimation of Drivers of Public Education Expenditure; Baumol’s Effect Revisited," IMF Working Papers 15/178, International Monetary Fund.
    4. repec:kap:itaxpf:v:24:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10797-016-9410-7 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    wage differentials; professional labor markets; national and international labor standards; Latin America; Caribbean;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J44 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Professional Labor Markets and Occupations
    • J8 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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