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Población y desarrollo en el Pacífico colombiano

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  • Julio E. Romero-Prieto

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Abstract

En este documento se analiza el cambio demográfico de la región del Pacífico usando ocho censos, seis encuestas demográficas y registros vitales. Hasta cierto punto, los procesos de población han sido similares en las regiones Caribe y el Pacífico. Sin embargo, se encontraron diferencias notables en comparación con Bogotá y el resto del país. A pesar de una reducción sistemática en la razón de dependencia, la dependencia económica efectiva es superior a otras regiones de Colombia, siendo uno de los límites al desarrollo económico de las regiones periféricas. Una estimación retrospectiva de la mortalidad en la primera infancia en el Pacífico muestra una disminución sustancial en las últimas décadas, pero la diferencia con el resto del país representa la penalidad de nacer y vivir en las regiones menos desarrolladas de Colombia. Estimaciones indirectas de la mortalidad adulta y la esperanza de vida en edades productivas conducen a la misma conclusión. ******ABSTRACT: Demographic change of the Pacific region is analyzed using eight censuses, six demographic surveys, and vital registrations. To some extent, population processes have been similar in the Caribbean and the Pacific regions; however, salient differences were found in comparison to Bogotá and the rest of the country. Despite a systematic reduction on age dependency ratios, the effective dependency ratio remains higher than other Colombian regions, being one of the limits to the economic development of peripheral regions. A retrospective estimation of the under-5 mortality in the Pacific shows a substantial decline within the past few decades, but the gap to the rest of the country represents the negative penalty of being born and living in the less developed regions of Colombia. Indirect estimations of the adult mortality and the life expectancy at working ages lead to the same conclusion.

Suggested Citation

  • Julio E. Romero-Prieto, 2015. "Población y desarrollo en el Pacífico colombiano," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 014182, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:014182
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Julio E. Romero-Prieto, 2016. "Aspectos socieconómicos de la mortalidad en el Pacifico colombiano," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 10(2), pages 75-124, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pacífico colombiano; cambio demográfico; estimación demográfica; mortalidad; esperanza de vida; censos de Colombia; ENDS;

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J19 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Other
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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