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¿Por qué es pobre el Chocó?

In: Economías del Pacífico colombiano

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  • Bonet-Morón, Jaime Alfredo

Abstract

Los diferentes indicadores muestran un estancamiento relativo del departamento del Chocó, cuyo rezago se ha ampliado con el paso del tiempo. Este documento identifica y analiza cinco elementos que han determinado ese atraso relativo: 1. El legado colonial que se refleja en unas instituciones débiles; 2. Las condiciones geográficas y climáticas que afectan la productividad de los factores; 3. La baja dotación del recurso humano chocoano; 4. La estructura económica especializada en un sector, la minería del oro, que tiene muy poca participación en la generación del valor agregado colombiano; y 5. La desintegración del departamento de la actividad económica nacional.

Suggested Citation

  • Bonet-Morón, Jaime Alfredo, 2008. "¿Por qué es pobre el Chocó?," Chapters, in: Viloria-de-la-Hoz, Joaquín (ed.), Economías del Pacífico colombiano, chapter 1, pages 9-53, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:bdrcap:2008-07-9-53
    DOI: 10.32468/Ebook.664-204-0
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Philippe Aghion, 2005. "Growth and Institutions," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 32(1), pages 3-18, March.
    2. Del Monte, Alfredo & Papagni, Erasmo, 2007. "The determinants of corruption in Italy: Regional panel data analysis," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 379-396, June.
    3. Acemoglu, Daron & Johnson, Simon & Robinson, James A., 2005. "Institutions as a Fundamental Cause of Long-Run Growth," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 6, pages 385-472, Elsevier.
    4. Abdiweli M. Ali & Hoden Said Isse, 2003. "Determinants of Economic Corruption: A Cross-Country Comparison," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 22(3), pages 449-466, Winter.
    5. Jaime Bonet & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2006. "El legado colonial como determinante del ingreso per cápita departamental en Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 2520, Banco de la República, Economía Regional.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jilmar Robledo-Caicedo, 2019. "La pobreza en Quibdó: Norte de carencias," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 277, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Yuri Reina-Aranza & Diana Ricciulli-Marin, 2018. "Movimientos sociales y desarrollo económico en Chocó y Buenaventura," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 270, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Julio E. Romero-Prieto, 2015. "Población y desarrollo en el Pacífico colombiano," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 232, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Salomón Kalmanovitz, 2008. "Consecuencias económicas de la independencia en Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 10(19), pages 207-233, July-Dece.
    5. Ángel Emilio Munoz Cardona, 2017. "Evaluación económica y social de cuatro municipios liderados por alcaldesas en el departamento del Chocó," Revista Lebret, Universidad Santo Tomás - Bucaramanga, vol. 9, pages 99-117, December.
    6. Vicente Royuela & Gustavo Adolfo Garc�a, 2015. "Economic and Social Convergence in Colombia," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(2), pages 219-239, February.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Geografía; Indicadores económicos; Clima; Transporte; Chocó (Colombia); Geography; Economic indicators; Climate; Transport; Chocó (Colombia);
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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