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Taxation and Economic Growth in Latin America

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  • Canavire-Bacarreza, Gustavo
  • Martínez-Vázquez, Jorge
  • Vulovic, Violeta

Abstract

Tax policy is among the most common and relevant instruments in the toolkit of policy-makers when thinking about promoting growth, yet there is not compelling evidence regarding its effect in Latin American countries. Using a variety of approaches, we estimate the effects on growth of the most important taxes for the region, namely personal income tax, corporate income tax, general taxes on goods and services, including value added and other sales taxes, and revenues from natural resource. We evaluate the effect of these tax instruments on growth for Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Chile using vector autoregressive techniques, and for close to the entire region and a worldwide sample of developing and developed countries using panel data estimation. We find that, for the most part, personal income tax does not have the expected negative effect on economic growth in Latin America, which is largely explained by the small collections in the region. For corporate income tax, our results suggest reducing tax evasion and greater reliance on collection may boost economic growth in the region as a whole and especially for natural resource exporting countries. But, we also find small negative effects of corporate income tax on growth for individual countries, specifically Argentina, Mexico, and Chile. Finally, our results suggest that greater reliance on consumption taxes has significant positive effects on growth in Latin American in general, although we again find slight negative effects in some of the selected countries. On the other hand, natural resource revenues do not seem to contribute to growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Canavire-Bacarreza, Gustavo & Martínez-Vázquez, Jorge & Vulovic, Violeta, 2013. "Taxation and Economic Growth in Latin America," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 4583, Inter-American Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:4583
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    Cited by:

    1. NANTOB, N'Yilimon, 2014. "Taxes and Economic Growth in Developing Countries : A Dynamic Panel Approach," MPRA Paper 61346, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Feb 2015.
    2. Juan Pablo Brichetti & Jerónimo Montalvo & Jorge Puig, 2013. "Capacidad fiscal y desarrollo productivo: un análisis con datos de panel para los gobiernos subnacionales de Argentina," CEFIP, Working Papers 011, CEFIP, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    3. Ana Maria Uritescu, 2017. "The Correlation between Value Added Tax and Economic Growth in Romania," Hyperion Economic Journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Hyperion University of Bucharest, Romania, vol. 5(1), pages 29-38, March.
    4. Gohar Samvel Sedrakyan & Laura Varela-Candamio, 2017. "The Impact of Public Expenditures on Economic Growth in Two Very Different Countries: A comparative Analysis of Armenia and Spain," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1702, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
    5. Stoian Tanchev, 2016. "Consumer tax system of Bulgaria in terms of economic growth and crisis," Economic Thought journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 4, pages 85-105,106-.
    6. Mihail N. Diakomihalis & Athina Politou, 2018. "Could the Greek Taxation Policy Pull the Economy from the Recession to Development?," Business and Economic Research, Macrothink Institute, vol. 8(3), pages 50-73, September.
    7. Marcelo Piancastelli & A.P.Thirlwall, 2019. "The Determinants of Tax Revenue and Tax Effort in Developed and Developing Countries: Theory and New Evidence 1995-2015," Studies in Economics 1903, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    8. Sedrakyan, Gohar Samvel & Varela-Candamio, Laura, 2019. "Wagner’s law vs. Keynes’ hypothesis in very different countries (Armenia and Spain)," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 747-762.
    9. Arwiphawee Srithongrung & Isaac S nchez-Ju rez, 2015. "Fiscal Policies and Subnational Economic Growth in Mexico," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(1), pages 11-22.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    taxation; growth; Latin America; personal income tax; corporate income tax; goods and sales tax; natural resources tax.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth

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