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Government Fiscal Policies and Redistribution in Asian Countries

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This paper assesses the impact of government fiscal policies on income inequality in Asia. It discusses the role and effectiveness of redistributive fiscal policies and quantifies the effects of taxation and government expenditure on income distributions. Panel estimation for 150 countries with data between 1970 and 2009 confirms international empirical findings for Asia. Tax systems tend to be progressive but government expenditures are a more effective tool for redistributing income. Moreover, the results suggest some distinctive differential distributive effect for government expenditure on social protection in Asia. Social protection spending appears to increase income inequality, whereas it reduces it in the rest of the world. Also, adversely affecting the distribution of income in Asia is government expenditure on housing. Some options for improving the effectiveness of fiscal policies in Asia are discussed.
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  • Iris Claus & Jorge Martinez-Vazquez & VIoleta Vulovic, 2012. "Government Fiscal Policies and Redistribution in Asian Countries," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1213, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
  • Handle: RePEc:ays:ispwps:paper1213
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    4. Bathla, S. & Kumar, A. & Joshi, P.K., 2018. "Regional income inequalities and public investments in rural India," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 31(1).
    5. Sonali Jain-Chandra & Tidiane Kinda & Kalpana Kochhar & Shi Piao & Johanna Schauer, 2019. "Sharing the Growth Dividend: Analysis of Inequality in Asia," Journal of Banking and Financial Economics, University of Warsaw, Faculty of Management, vol. 2(12), pages 5-28, September.
    6. Sally Torbert, 2022. "Impact Of Taxes And Transfers On Inequality In The Asia-Pacific Region," Asia-Pacific Sustainable Development Journal, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), vol. 29(1), pages 43-65, May.
    7. Edward Anderson & Maria Ana Jalles D'Orey & Maren Duvendack & Lucio Esposito, 2017. "Does Government Spending Affect Income Inequality? A Meta-Regression Analysis," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(4), pages 961-987, September.
    8. Gohar Samvel Sedrakyan & Laura Varela-Candamio, 2017. "The Impact of Public Expenditures on Economic Growth in Two Very Different Countries: A comparative Analysis of Armenia and Spain," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1702, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
    9. Zheng Jian & Daniel Jeongdae, 2017. "Prospects for progressive tax reform in Asia and the Pacific," MPDD Working Paper Series WP/17/08, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
    10. Peter Tóth & Andrea Tkáčová & Katarína Muľová, . "Redistributive Policies of EU Member Countries in the Context of Welfare Regimes," Prague Economic Papers, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 0.
    11. Mohamed Traoré, 2018. "Government spending and inclusive growth in sub-Saharan Africa: A panel VAR analysis," Working Papers hal-01940506, HAL.
    12. Naz Ata, Farah & Alam, Shaista & Saeed, Noman, 2019. "The Determinants of Income Distribution, an Empirical Analysis of Developing Countries," Public Finance Quarterly, Corvinus University of Budapest, vol. 64(4), pages 494-510.
    13. John C. Anyanwu, 2016. "Empirical Analysis of the Main Drivers of Income Inequality in Southern Africa," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 17(2), pages 337-364, November.
    14. Mohamed Traoré, 2018. "Government spending and inclusive growth in sub-Saharan Africa: A panel VAR analysis," CERDI Working papers hal-01940506, HAL.
    15. Peter Tóth & Andrea Tkáčová & Katarína Muľová, 2022. "Redistributive Policies of EU Member Countries in the Context of Welfare Regimes," Prague Economic Papers, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2022(2), pages 119-142.
    16. Abdulaleem Isiaka & Alexander Mihailov & Giovanni Razzi, 2022. "Distributional Effects of Public Spending and Tax Shocks in Middle-Income Countries: A Panel VAR Approach," Economics Discussion Papers em-dp2022-09, Department of Economics, University of Reading.
    17. Heshmati, Almas & Kim, Jungsuk, 2014. "A Survey of the Role of Fiscal Policy in Addressing Income Inequality, Poverty Reduction and Inclusive Growth," IZA Discussion Papers 8119, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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