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Consecuencias económicas de la independencia en Colombia

Author

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  • Salomón Kalmanovitz

    () (Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano)

Abstract

Independence from Spain was a complex movement of civil confrontation and long and cruel wars of liberation. Human lives were lost, assets destroyed, capital fled, slavery abolished and public issues left to inexpert administrations, but at the same time there was an important reduction in the tax burden as well as a modernization of both the state and its financial regulations. The GDP per capita was reduced until 1830, and then recovered. The economies of Popayan and Cartagena contracted, the latter having been subsidized by the taxes of the “virreinato”, and Antioquia, with its mining, and Cundinamarca benefited.

Suggested Citation

  • Salomón Kalmanovitz, 2008. "Consecuencias económicas de la independencia en Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 10(19), pages 207-233, July-Dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:10:y:2008:i:19:p:207-233
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    File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/skalmanovitz19.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Joaquin viloria de la hoz., 1999. "Tabaco del Carmen:producción y exportación de tabaco de los Montes de María,1848-1893," Cuadernos de Historia Económica 3, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2003. "¿Situado o contrabando?: La base económica de Cartagena de Indias a fines del siglo de las luces," Cuadernos de historia económica 003834, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    3. Roberto Luis Jaramillo & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2009. "Más allá de la retórica de la reacción. Análisis económico de la desamortización en Colombia, 1861-1888," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 11(20), pages 45-81, January-J.
    4. Jaime Jaramillo U. & Adolfo Meisel R. & Miguel Urrutia, 1997. "Continuities and Discontinuities in the Fiscal and Monetary Institutions of New Granada 1783-1850," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002197, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    5. Jaime Bonet Morón, 2007. "¿Por qué es pobre el Chocó?," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 90, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Miguel Urrutia, 2007. "Precios y Salarios Urbanos en el Siglo XIX," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 004381, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    7. Salomón Kalmanovitz, 2006. "El PIB de la Nueva Granada en 1800: auge colonial, estancamiento republicano," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 8(15), pages 161-183, July-Dece.
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    Cited by:

    1. Javier Mejía, 2015. "Crecimiento económico de largo plazo en Antioquia, Colombia. Estimación del PIB, 1800-1913," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, June.
    2. Bernardo Vela Orbegozo, 2015. "Colombia no es una isla. Una contribución al debate sobre la formación del Estado colombiano en el entorno global," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Finanzas, Gobierno y Relaciones Internacionales, edition 1, number 95, EJSER Sep.
    3. Álvarez Juan Diego, 2016. "Governing Mining Resources in the History of Colombia: Between Official Institutions and Resistance," The Law and Development Review, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 29-67, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    independence; economic growth; mining; public finance;

    JEL classification:

    • N16 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N36 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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