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Crecimiento económico de largo plazo en Antioquia, Colombia. Estimación del PIB, 1800-1913

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  • Javier Mejía

Abstract

Este trabajo realiza el primer análisis cuantitativo detallado del nivel de actividad económica de Antioquia para el siglo XIX y la primera parte del XX. A partir de los datos existentes para la economía colombiana, se reconstruye la que es, además, una de las primeras series de PIB regional en Latinoamérica para el periodo estudiado. Se encuentra que en Antioquia, ya a principios del siglo XIX, se disfrutaba de ingresos per cápita superiores a los del promedio colombiano. Por otra parte, se encontraron periodos de auge económico entre 1800 y 1840, 1860 y 1880, y 1905 y 1913, el último de los cuales fue el más pronunciado. Así,se estaría dando una respuesta a la larga discusión sobre el inicio del despegue económico antioqueño. ***** This paper provides the first detailed quantitative analysis of the economic activity of Antioquia for the 19th century and early 20th. From the existing data for the Colombian economy, one of the first series of regional GDP in Latin America for the period is reconstructed. We discovered that Antioquia, in the early 19th century, enjoyed a higher per capita income than the Colombian average. Moreover, we found periods of economic boom between 1800 and 1840, 1860 and 1880, and 1905 and 1913, the latter being more pronounced. Thus, this paper provides an answer to the long discussion about the economic takeoff of Antioquia.

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Mejía, 2015. "Crecimiento económico de largo plazo en Antioquia, Colombia. Estimación del PIB, 1800-1913," Revista Cuadernos de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia -FCE - CID, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:012979
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    Keywords

    Colombia; Antioquia; crecimiento económico; siglo XIX; siglo XX; estimaciones del PIB; historia económica cuantitativa.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • N16 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N96 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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