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Crecimiento económico de largo plazo en Antioquia, Colombia: Estimación del PIB. 1800-1913
[Long term economic growth in Antioquia, Colombia: GDP estimates. 1800-1913]


  • Mejía Cubillos, Javier


This paper provides the first detailed quantitative analysis of the economic activity of Antioquia for the nineteenth century and early twentieth. From the existing data for the Colombian economy, it is reconstructed one of the first series of regional GDP in Latin America for the period. We find that Antioquia, in the early nineteenth century, enjoyed of higher per capita incomes than the average of Colombia. Moreover, we found periods of economic boom between 1800 and 1840, 1860 and 1880, and 1905 and 1913, the latter being more pronounced. Thus, the paper answers the long discussion about the economic takeoff of Antioquia. It is provided insights into the economic growth of Antioquia without need for institutional or cultural arguments.

Suggested Citation

  • Mejía Cubillos, Javier, 2012. "Crecimiento económico de largo plazo en Antioquia, Colombia: Estimación del PIB. 1800-1913
    [Long term economic growth in Antioquia, Colombia: GDP estimates. 1800-1913]
    ," MPRA Paper 40041, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40041

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mejía Cubillos, Javier, 2012. "Propuesta metodológica para el cálculo del riesgo sistémico financiero en estudios de Historia Económica: Aplicación para el caso de la banca libre en Antioquia, 1888
      [A methodology for assessing f
      ," MPRA Paper 35460, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Kalmanovitz, Salomón, 2008. "Constituciones y crecimiento económico en la Colombia Del Siglo XIX," Revista de Historia Económica, Cambridge University Press, vol. 26(02), pages 205-241, January.
    3. Salomón Kalmanovitz, 2008. "Consecuencias económicas de la independencia en Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 10(19), pages 207-233, July-Dece.
    4. Mejía Cubillos, Javier, 2011. "¿Puede ser considerado el auge antioqueño de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX un modelo de desarrollo económico local?
      [Can be considered the Antioquian economic takeoff during the second half of the
      ," MPRA Paper 35627, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. María Claudia Saavedra, 1992. "Antioquia en los inicios del proceso de industrialización: algunos aspectos relativos a la capacitación técnica," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 37, pages 105-126.
    6. Juan José Echavarría & Mauricio Villamizar & colaboración Juanita González, 2006. "El Proceso Colombiano de Desindustrialización," Borradores de Economia 361, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mejía-Cubillos, Javier, 2013. "Vínculos interregionales en la economía colombiana del siglo XIX: Empresariado del Caribe en el interior del país
      [Interregional links in Colombian economy during the 19th century: Caribbean entrep
      ," MPRA Paper 48626, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Mejía Cubillos, Javier, 2013. "Fuentes y métodos para la reconstrucción de PIBs regionales en Colombia. Siglos XIX y XX
      [Sources and methods for the reconstruction of regional GDPs in Colombia. 19th and 20th centuries]
      ," MPRA Paper 52394, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Colombia; Antioquia; economic growth; 19th century; 20th century; quantitative economic history; GDP estimates;

    JEL classification:

    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • N16 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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