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¿Por qué es pobre el Chocó?

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  • Jaime Bonet Morón

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Abstract

En los últimos años, el deterioro económico y social del Departamento del Chocó ha sido noticia nacional. Los diferentes indicadores muestran un estancamiento relativo del departamento, cuyo rezago se ha ampliado con el paso del tiempo. Este documento identifica cinco elementos que han determinado ese atraso relativo: 1. El legado colonial que se refleja en unas instituciones débiles; 2. Las condiciones geográficas y climáticas que afectan la productividad de los factores, aumentan sus costos de transporte y aíslan el departamento del resto de país; 3. La baja dotación del recurso humano chocoano; 4. La estructura económica especializada en un sector, la minería del oro, que tiene muy poca participación en la generación del valor agregado colombiano; y 5. La desintegración del departamento de la actividad económica nacional. Iniciar una senda de crecimiento sostenido en el Chocó requiere una inversión eficiente de recursos que desarrollen la infraestructura social y física departamental, de tal forma que le permita mejorar la dotación de su recurso humano, superar los altos costos de transporte e integrarse a la economía colombiana.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaime Bonet Morón, 2007. "¿Por qué es pobre el Chocó?," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 90, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:90
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.90
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.90
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Del Monte, Alfredo & Papagni, Erasmo, 2007. "The determinants of corruption in Italy: Regional panel data analysis," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 379-396, June.
    2. Acemoglu, Daron & Johnson, Simon & Robinson, James A., 2005. "Institutions as a Fundamental Cause of Long-Run Growth," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.),Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 6, pages 385-472, Elsevier.
    3. Abdiweli M. Ali & Hoden Said Isse, 2003. "Determinants of Economic Corruption: A Cross-Country Comparison," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 22(3), pages 449-466, Winter.
    4. Jaime Bonet & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2006. "El legado colonial como determinante del ingreso per cápita departamental en Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 002520, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jilmar Robledo-Caicedo, 2019. "La pobreza en Quibdó: Norte de carencias," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 277, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Julio E. Romero-Prieto, 2015. "Población y desarrollo en el Pacífico colombiano," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 232, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Salomón Kalmanovitz, 2008. "Consecuencias económicas de la independencia en Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 10(19), pages 207-233, July-Dece.
    4. Ángel Emilio Muñoz Cardona, 2017. "Evaluación económica y social de cuatro municipios liderados por alcaldesas en el departamento del Chocó," Revista Lebret, Universidad Santo Tomás - Bucaramanga, vol. 9, pages 99-117, December.
    5. Vicente Royuela & Gustavo Adolfo Garc�a, 2015. "Economic and Social Convergence in Colombia," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(2), pages 219-239, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Chocó; pobreza; desarrollo; geografía; legado colonial.;

    JEL classification:

    • N96 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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