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Los mercados de instituciones y las instituciones endogenas

  • Carlos Esteban Posada

En este documento se hace énfasis en dos consideraciones que en el medio colombiano usualmente permanecen acultas: a) no todas las instituciones que tienen importancia económica pueden considerarse exógenas con respecto al desenvolvimiento de largo plazo de la sociedad y, por tanto causas básicas de éste y variables de control de un deux exmachina ; algunas por el contrario, deben considerarse endógenas : más que causas del desarrollo o del atraso son su consecuencia; b) Las instituciones de importancia económica aún si no son causadas de manera automática por el desarrollo, podrían considerarse endógenas en el sentido de que su ausencia o presencia y sus alcances son susceptibles de ser entendidos y analizados en los términos usuales de la teoría económica esto es "mercancías" cuya oferta debe enfrentar una demanda social ; más aún, tales "mercados" pueden tener equilibrios inestables y, entonces exhibir una tendencia inherente al cambio. Así, este escrito se inscribe dentro de la tradición de la economía clásica y es ajeno al enfoque institucionalista, que hace énfasis en el carácter exógeno y determinante de las instituciones y del cambio institucional.

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Article provided by Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía in its journal LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA.

Volume (Year): (1998)
Issue (Month): 48 (Enero Junio)
Pages: 149-168

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Handle: RePEc:lde:journl:y:1998:i:48:p:149-168
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  10. Kenneth J. Arrow, 1997. "Invaluable Goods," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(2), pages 757-765, June.
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