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La brecha fiscal territorial en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Jaime Bonet-Morón

    ()

  • Jhorland Ayala-García

    ()

Abstract

Este trabajo presenta una estimación de las necesidades de gasto y de la capacidad fiscal de los municipios y departamentos de Colombia para el año 2014. Para estimar la primera se emplea la norma de gasto por habitante, mientras que el análisis envolvente de datos se usa para estimar la segunda. Los resultados muestran que existen disparidades fiscales horizontales en Colombia con mayor incidencia en los municipios que en los departamentos, y que estas son en mayores en los territorios con mayor atraso relativo. Se encontró evidencia de un patrón centro periferia en las brechas fiscales territoriales, donde regiones del centro del país registran menores desequilibrios entre sus necesidades de gasto y su capacidad para generar recursos propios. Un sistema de transferencias de igualación que cubra esas brechas sería la opción una política pública viable para corregirlas. ******ABSTRACT: In this paper, we present an estimation of expenditure needs and fiscal capacity of Colombia’s municipalities and departments in 2014. We use standards per capita norms to estimate the spending needs and data envelopment analysis for the local fiscal capacity. The results show that there are high horizontal fiscal disparities in Colombia with the greater incidence in the municipalities than in the departments, and that these disparities are in favor of more developed territories. There is also evidence of a center-periphery pattern in the horizontal fiscal disparities, where central regions of the country have lower imbalance between spending needs and their ability to generate their own resources. An equalization transfers system is an option for public policy to eliminate these disparities.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaime Bonet-Morón & Jhorland Ayala-García, 2016. "La brecha fiscal territorial en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 014561, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:014561
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    4. Galvis-Aponte, Luis Armando & Meisel-Roca, Adolfo, 2011. "Persistencia de las desigualdades regionales en Colombia : un análisis espacial," Chapters,in: Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo (ed.), Dimensión regional de las desigualdades en Colombia, chapter 1, pages 3-32 Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    disparidades fiscales horizontales; capacidad fiscal; necesidad degasto; análisis envolvente de datos.;

    JEL classification:

    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H73 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Interjurisdictional Differentials and Their Effects
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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