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La convergencia regional en Colombia: una visión de largo plazo 1926-1995

Author

Listed:
  • Jaime Bonet
  • Adolfo Meisel

Abstract

“La convergencia económica regional ha sido tema de diversos trabajos en Colombia desde 1992. Estas investigaciones han estado acorde con las tendencias internacionales que han seguido la metodología del trabajo pionero de Robert Barro y Xavier Sala-iMartin (1990). Desde la década de 1980 varios trabajos a nivel internacional han retomado los temas de crecimiento económico y convergencia, en los niveles de ingreso per cápita de los países y las divisiones subnacionales. El primer trabajo en aplicar el enfoque de Barro y Sala-i-Martin al estudio del PIB regional en Colombia fue el de Mauricio Cárdenas (1993). El presente documento muestra una visión de largo plazo del proceso de convergencia y polarización regional en Colombia. Para ello se estudia el período que va desde 1926 hasta 1995, dividiéndolo en dos subperíodos de acuerdo con las fuentes estadísticas disponibles. El primer subperíodo está comprendido entre 1926 y 1960, en el que, dada la carencia de información sobre PIB departamental, se utilizan los datos correspondientes a los depósitos bancarios departamentales como proxy del nivel de ingreso departamental. El segundo subperíodo va de 1960 a 1995. La convergencia se estudia a partir de la información sobre PIB departamental disponible. Adicionalmente, este documento utiliza nuevos indicadores de convergencia que permiten alcanzar conclusiones "robustas" sobre la hipótesis de convergencia en el país. El trabajo contiene cuatro secciones. En la primera se expone el marco analítico y se senalan brevemente los principales trabajos realizados en Colombia sobre la convergencia regional en los niveles de ingresos. En las siguientes dos secciones, se aborda el tema de la convergencia en los subperíodos senalados. Finalmente, se presentan las principales conclusiones del estudio.â€

Suggested Citation

  • Jaime Bonet & Adolfo Meisel, 1999. "La convergencia regional en Colombia: una visión de largo plazo 1926-1995," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:013495
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alexander Bastidas, 1996. "¿Convergencia económica?," Ensayos de Economía 009508, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Medellín.
    2. Robert J. Barro, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-443.
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    6. Meisel-Roca, Adolfo, 2011. "¿Por qué perdió la costa Caribe el siglo XX?," Chapters, in: ¿Por qué perdió la costa Caribe el siglo XX?, chapter 6, pages 169-202, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Informes de Investigación; Convergencia Regional; Crecimiento Económico; Ingreso Per Cápita; Producto Interno Bruto; PIB; Desarrollo Regional; PIB Departamental;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
    • H27 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Other Sources of Revenue

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