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La convergencia Regional en Colombia: una visión de largo plazo, 1926-1995

  • Jaime Bonet Morón


  • Adolfo Meisel Roca


El presente documento muestra una visión de largo plazo del proceso de convergencia y polarización regional en Colombia. Para ello se estudia el período que va desde 1926 hasta 1995, dividiéndolo en dos subperíodos de acuerdo con las fuentes estadísticas disponibles. El primer subperíodo está comprendido entre 1926 y 1960, en el que, dado la carencia de información sobre PIB departamental, se utilizan los datos correspondientes a los depósitos bancarios departamentales como proxy del nivel de ingreso departamental. El segundo subperíodo va de 1960 a 1995. La convergencia se estudia a partir de la información sobre PIB departamental. Se evita, de esta manera, utilizar la información correspondiente al PIB departamental de 1950, debido a que los cálculos para ese año se determinaron con información muy parcial y hay serias dudas sobre su validez. Adicionalmente, este documento utiliza nuevos indicadores de convergencia que permiten alcanzar conclusiones "robustas" sobre la hipótesis de convergencia en el país. El trabajo contiene cuatro secciones. En la primera se expone el marco analítico y se señalan brevemente los principales trabajos realizados en Colombia sobre la convergencia regional en los niveles de ingresos. En las siguientes dos secciones se aborda el tema de la convergencia en los subperíodos señalados. Finalmente, se presentan las principales conclusiones del estudio.

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Length: 52
Date of creation: 28 Feb 1999
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:002955
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  1. Raul Livas Elizondo & Paul Krugman, 1992. "Trade Policy and the Third World Metropolis," NBER Working Papers 4238, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Barro, R.J., 1989. "Economic Growth In A Cross Section Of Countries," RCER Working Papers 201, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  3. Adolfo Meisel Roca, 1999. "¿Por qué perdió la costa Caribe el siglo XX?," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 003823, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  4. Quah, Danny T, 1997. "Empirics for Growth and Distribution: Stratification, Polarization, and Convergence Clubs," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 27-59, March.
  5. Quah, Danny, 1993. " Galton's Fallacy and Tests of the Convergence Hypothesis," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95(4), pages 427-43, December.
  6. Ricardo Rocha & Alejandro Vivas, 1998. "Crecimiento regional en Colombia: ¿Persiste la desigualdad?," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, January.
  7. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1991. "Convergence across States and Regions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 107-182.
  8. Birchenall Jiménez Javier Arturo, 1997. "Convergencia regional: una revisión del caso colombiano," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, September.
  9. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-51, April.
  10. Quah, Danny, 1997. "Empirics for Growth and Distribution: Stratification, Polarization, and Convergence Clubs," CEPR Discussion Papers 1586, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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