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¿Qué sucedió con las disparidades económicas regionales en Collombia entre 1980 y el 2000?

  • Juan David Barón Rivera


El presente documento estudia las disparidades económicas regionales en Colombia. Para ello se calculan cinco medidas a partir de los datos de Producto Interno Bruto, PIB, per-cápita departamental y se comparan con las de otros países. Sobre la misma variable se hace un análisis de dependencia espacial en las regiones colombianas. Los principales resultados son: Primero, el PIB per-cápita de los departamentos más pobres estaba en 1980 alrededor del 45% del de Colombia, en el año 2000 esa proporción aún era la misma; segundo, las diferentes medidas de disparidad, en su mayoría, muestran un aumento de las disparidades en la década de 1990; tercero, se encuentra evidencia sobre la existencia de convergencia de los niveles de ingreso en la década de 1980, pero no en la década de 1990, en la que las disparidades han aumentado considerablemente ante la ausencia de una política regional explícita y clara; cuarto, se concluye que el PIB per-cápita departamental no muestra patrones de dependencia espacial de ningún tipo, por lo que se puede afirmar que la riqueza o pobreza está aleatoriamente distribuida en la geografía nacional. Por último, se muestra que las disparidades que presenta Colombia no son particularmente altas si se comparan con las de otros países.

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Length: 60
Date of creation: 30 Sep 2003
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:003828
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  1. Shankar, Raja & Shah, Anwar, 2001. "Bridging the economic divide within nations : a scorecard on the performance of regional development policies in reducing regional income disparities," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2717, The World Bank.
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  9. Mauricio Cárdenas & Denisse Yanovich, 1997. "Café y desarrollo económico: un análisis departamental," COYUNTURA SOCIAL 013125, FEDESARROLLO.
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  12. Serge Coulombe & Kathleen M. Day, 1999. "Economic Growth and Regional Income Disparities in Canada and the Northern United States," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 25(2), pages 155-178, June.
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