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Convergencia y polarización. El caso Peruano: 1961 - 1996

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  • Juan Carlos Odar Zagaceta

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Abstract

Según la Teoría Neoclásica de Crecimiento, distintas economías convergen a un mismo nivel de estado estacionario, una vez que se ha controlado por las tasas de ahorro, depreciación y crecimiento de la población. Si se controla por otras variables, la convergencia que se haya encontrado sería condicional,no absoluta. Si las economías con que se trabaja son regiones al interior de un país, a largo plazo todas deberían llegar a un mismo estado estacionario. El trabajo evalúa si en el Perú, con una geografía muy accidentada, la convergencia es condicional a variables geográficas. La evidencia encontrada sugiere que, debido a aspectos geográficos, los departamentos del Perú siguen dinámicas distintas entre sí y que en el país coexisten al menos dos regímenes económicos que convergen a diferentes estados estacionarios.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Carlos Odar Zagaceta, 2002. "Convergencia y polarización. El caso Peruano: 1961 - 1996," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 29(1 Year 20), pages 47-70, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:29:y:2002:i:1:p:47-70
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Conditional convergence; growth; geography; thresholds.;

    JEL classification:

    • O49 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Other
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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