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Convergencia y polarización. El caso Peruano: 1961 - 1996

  • Juan Carlos Odar Zagaceta

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    Según la Teoría Neoclásica de Crecimiento, distintas economías convergen a un mismo nivel de estado estacionario, una vez que se ha controlado por las tasas de ahorro, depreciación y crecimiento de la población. Si se controla por otras variables, la convergencia que se haya encontrado sería condicional,no absoluta. Si las economías con que se trabaja son regiones al interior de un país, a largo plazo todas deberían llegar a un mismo estado estacionario. El trabajo evalúa si en el Perú, con una geografía muy accidentada, la convergencia es condicional a variables geográficas. La evidencia encontrada sugiere que, debido a aspectos geográficos, los departamentos del Perú siguen dinámicas distintas entre sí y que en el país coexisten al menos dos regímenes económicos que convergen a diferentes estados estacionarios.

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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/07b0a45f-2f8d-4efe-81a6-70f8d8fe99a9.pdf
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    Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

    Volume (Year): 29 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 1 Year 2002 (June)
    Pages: 47-70

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    Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:29:y:2002:i:1:p:47-70
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/

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    1. Quah, Danny, 1993. "Galton's Fallacy and Tests of the Convergence Hypothesis," CEPR Discussion Papers 820, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Mankiw, N Gregory & Romer, David & Weil, David N, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-37, May.
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    6. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, . "Levels of Economic Activity across Countries," Working Papers 97001, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
    7. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier X, 1996. "The Classical Approach to Convergence Analysis," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(437), pages 1019-36, July.
    8. Quah, Danny, 1997. "Empirics for Growth and Distribution: Stratification, Polarization, and Convergence Clubs," CEPR Discussion Papers 1586, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Romulo A. Chumacero, 2002. "Absolute Convergence, Period," Computing in Economics and Finance 2002 218, Society for Computational Economics.
    10. De Long, J Bradford, 1988. "Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(5), pages 1138-54, December.
    11. Quah, Danny T, 1997. " Empirics for Growth and Distribution: Stratification, Polarization, and Convergence Clubs," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 27-59, March.
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    13. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
    14. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1991. "Convergence across States and Regions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 107-182.
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