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Competitiveness of Colombian Departments observed from an Economic geography Perspective

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  • Lotero Contreras, Jorge

    ()

  • Posada Duque, Héctor Mauricio

    ()

  • Valderrama, Daniel

    ()

Abstract

SummaryIn this paper, we analyze the regional competitiveness concept and its measurement using the old and New Trade Theory and the New Economic Geography. The analysis shows that the competitiveness has no sense when is applied to the goods market, while has sense (however, not in all situations) when is applied to the productive factors market. Contrary to most approaches and measurements of the competitiveness of Colombian departments, we show that is possible to obtain simple measures which, in addition to being consistent with the conceptual framework of economic geography, are the product of the combination of a small number of variables

Suggested Citation

  • Lotero Contreras, Jorge & Posada Duque, Héctor Mauricio & Valderrama, Daniel, 2009. "Competitiveness of Colombian Departments observed from an Economic geography Perspective," BORRADORES DEPARTAMENTO DE ECONOMÍA 005519, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000196:005519
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    File URL: http://www.udea.edu.co/portal/page/portal/bibliotecaSedesDependencias/unidadesAcademicas/FacultadCienciasEconomicas/ElementosDiseno/Documentos/BorradoresEconomia/BorradCIE_28.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Paul Krugman, 1995. "Competitividad: una peligrosa obsesión," ENSAYOS DE ECONOMÍA 009513, UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA SEDE MEDELLIN.
    2. Huovari, Janne & Alanen, Aku & Kangasharju, Aki, 2000. "Regional Competitiveness In Finland," ERSA conference papers ersa00p234, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Grubel, Herbert G & Lloyd, P J, 1971. "The Empirical Measurement of Intra- Industry Trade," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 47(120), pages 494-517, December.
    4. Juan Carlos Parra Alvarez, 2008. "Hechos Estilizados de la Economía Colombiana:Fundamentos Empíricos para la Construcción y Evaluación de un Modelo DSGE," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 004602, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    5. Masahisa Fujita & Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 2001. "The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262561476, January.
    6. Juan David Barón R, 2003. "¿Que sucedió con las disparidades económicas regionales en Colombia entre 1980 y el 2000?," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 38, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-959, December.
    8. Jaime Bonet Morón & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2007. "Polarización Del Ingreso Per Cápita Departamental En Colombia, 1975-2000," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 25(54), pages 12-43, Junio.
    9. Michael Kitson & Ron Martin & Peter Tyler, 2004. "Regional Competitiveness: An Elusive yet Key Concept?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(9), pages 991-999.
    10. Sanjaya Lall, "undated". "Comparing National Competitive Performance: An Economic Analysis of World Economic Forum's Competitiveness Index," QEH Working Papers qehwps61, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
    11. Krugman, Paul R, 1981. "Intraindustry Specialization and the Gains from Trade," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(5), pages 959-973, October.
    12. Greenaway, David & Hine, Robert C & Milner, Chris, 1995. "Vertical and Horizontal Intra-industry Trade: A Cross Industry Analysis for the United Kingdom," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(433), pages 1505-1518, November.
    13. Kronthaler, Franz, 2003. "A Study of the Competitiveness of Regions based on a Cluster Analysis: The Example of East Germany," IWH Discussion Papers 179, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    14. Giorgio Barba Navaretti & Anthony J. Venables, 2006. "Multinational Firms in the World Economy," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, number 7832.
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    16. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regional competitiveness; New Trade Theory; Economic Geography; Colombian departments; Competitiveness Ranking;

    JEL classification:

    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R19 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Other

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