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Vertical and Horizontal Intra-industry Trade: A Cross Industry Analysis for the United Kingdom

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  • Greenaway, David
  • Hine, Robert C
  • Milner, Chris

Abstract

A large theoretical literature has emerged directed at explaining the presence of intra-industry trade (IIT). One of the distinctions which comes out of these models is that between horizontal IIT (where goods are differentiated by attributes) and vertical IIT (where goods are differentiated by quality). In this paper horizontal and vertical IIT in U.K. trade are disentangled using a unit value dispersion criterion and a range of industry characteristics. The paper not only points up the relative importance of vertical and horizontal IIT in the United Kingdom, it also demonstrates how a failure to separate them out can impact on the interpretation of empirical results. Copyright 1995 by Royal Economic Society.

Suggested Citation

  • Greenaway, David & Hine, Robert C & Milner, Chris, 1995. "Vertical and Horizontal Intra-industry Trade: A Cross Industry Analysis for the United Kingdom," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(433), pages 1505-1518, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:105:y:1995:i:433:p:1505-18
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