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La pobreza en Florencia: Un análisis de sus factores, consecuencias y posibles soluciones

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  • Jilmar Robledo-Caicedo

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

Abstract

La pobreza en Colombia tuvo una reducción heterogénea entre las ciudades capitales en las últimas cuatro décadas. A pesar del descenso en pobreza monetaria, Florencia permanece alejada del promedio nacional y de las principales capitales. Con un porcentaje de pobreza monetaria del 32,8% en 2018, esta se encontraba en el sexto lugar entre las 23 principales ciudades. Este indicador es 1,2 veces mayor al promedio nacional, 2,0 veces el promedio de las 13 principales ciudades y 2,6 veces el de Bogotá. Utilizando la base de datos del SISBEN III, el censo de población y vivienda e información cartográfica, este documento analiza y caracteriza la pobreza en Florencia. Los resultados evidencian que espacialmente la pobreza se concentra en los sectores periféricos oriental y occidental, donde se han establecido asentamientos informales con condiciones precarias como consecuencia del crecimiento urbano no planificado y el desplazamiento forzado desde la década del 2000. Para superar las limitaciones encontradas, el trabajo propone una serie de inversiones a 2030. **** ABTRACT: Poverty rate in Colombia dropped heterogeneously among capital cities during the last four decades. Despite a decline in monetary poverty, Florencia remains far below national average and main capital cities. The state capital of Caquetá had 32,8% of the population under the poverty line in 2018, which placed them within the six highest among the 23 main cities. This rate was 1,2 times higher than the national average, 2,0 the average of the 13 main cities, and 2,6 the measure of Bogotá. This document addresses and characterizes these conditions in Florencia employing the SISBEN III database, the national household survey and cartographic information. Results reveal that poverty is clustered in the eastern and western peripheral sectors, where slums have been established as a consequence of unplanned urban growth and forced displacement primarily in the 2000s. In order to overcome these challenges, this study proposes a set of investments to close the poverty gap by 2030.

Suggested Citation

  • Jilmar Robledo-Caicedo, 2020. "La pobreza en Florencia: Un análisis de sus factores, consecuencias y posibles soluciones," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 287, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:287
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.287
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Asentamientos informales; pobreza monetaria; Florencia; Informal settlements; monetary poverty; Florencia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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