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La pobreza en Riohacha: diagnóstico, análisis y propuestas

Author

Listed:
  • Diana Ricciulli-Marín

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • César Arismendi

    (Centro de Pensamiento Guajira 360)

  • Eduardo Romero

    (Centro de Pensamiento Guajira 360)

Abstract

El objetivo número uno de desarrollo sostenible de las Naciones Unidas dicta que para el año 2030 se debe erradicar la pobreza en todas sus formas y dimensiones en todo el mundo. Colombia ha realizado avances en esta línea y las cifras muestran que entre 2010 y 2017 la pobreza monetaria se redujo al pasar del 37,2% al 26,9%. Sin embargo, aún existen rezagos en esta materia y prueba de ello es Riohacha, ciudad que mantuvo constante su incidencia en 46,9% para este periodo de tiempo. El presente artículo realiza un diagnóstico detallado de la pobreza en la capital de La Guajira y presenta las inversiones necesarias para avanzar en su superación. Los principales indicadores revelan que el empleo informal, el bajo logro educativo y la falta de acceso a servicios básicos son las privaciones con mayor recurrencia en los hogares. Además, estas se concentran en la periferia y la zona rural dispersa, en donde coinciden con un alto porcentaje de población indígena. A partir de los resultados, se propone una intervención integral en cuatro sectores: educación, empleo, vivienda y servicios públicos, cuyo costo total se estima en 372,7 millones de dólares para el periodo comprendido entre 2019 y 2030. **** ABSTRACT: The number one sustainable development goal of the United Nations establishes that, by 2030, poverty should end in all its forms everywhere in the world. Colombia has made progress in this area: between 2010 and 2017, monetary poverty in the country fell from 37.2% to 26.9%. However, there are still challenges to overcome, and proof of this is Riohacha, a city that maintained poverty rate constant at 46.9% during this period. The main objective of this document is to present a detailed study of poverty in Riohacha and the necessary investments to advance in its solution. The main indicators reveal that informal employment, low educational attainment, and lack of access to basic services, are the most recurrent deprivations in households. In addition, these are concentrated in the periphery and the dispersed rural area, where there is also a large percentage of indigenous population. Based on the results, an intervention is proposed in four sectors: education, employment, housing, and public services. The total cost of the proposal is estimated at 372.7 million dollars for the period between 2019 and 2030.

Suggested Citation

  • Diana Ricciulli-Marín & César Arismendi & Eduardo Romero, 2018. "La pobreza en Riohacha: diagnóstico, análisis y propuestas," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 275, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:275
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.275
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.275
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Riohacha; pobreza; políticas públicas; poverty; public policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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