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Análisis de la Pobreza y Condiciones de Vida en Valledupar

Author

Listed:
  • Andrea Otero-Cortés

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Fernando Herrera

    ()

  • Juan Manuel Monroy

    ()

Abstract

En Valledupar la pobreza ha incrementado durante los últimos cuatro años, pasando de 27% en 2014 a 33,4% para 2017. La distribución del ingreso también sufrió un revés importante durante el mismo periodo de tiempo, cuando el coeficiente de Gini pasó de 0,42 a 0,46, lo que indica que en 2017 hubo una mayor concentración de la riqueza que en 2014 (DANE, 2018). Este documento estudia los principales factores que han incidido en el aumento de la pobreza y propone una serie de inversiones para contrarrestar la desmejora en las condiciones de vida de los valduparences. Los resultados indican que el deterioro en el mercado laboral (empleo, salarios e informalidad) y la calidad de la educación son los factores que explican el incremento en pobreza. Las inversiones propuestas en temas de educación, vivienda y trabajo, que reducirían la pobreza y generarían un entorno propicio para el desarrollo económico de Valledupar, requieren de $230 millones de dólares para los próximos 10 años, lo que implicaría un esfuerzo fiscal adicional por generar $22,8 millones de dólares adicionales anuales hasta 2030. **** ABSTRACT: Poverty rate increased six percentage points in the past four years in Valledupar (DANE, 2018). The income distribution deteriorated as well during the same period of time. This document studies the main factors that explain the rise in poverty in Valledupar during 2014-2017 and proposes a series of investments that will help the city to overcome this drawback in their economic and social development. The results show that the worsening in labor market conditions (wages, employment and informality rate) due to negative shocks in coal prices and low quality of education are the factors driving the poor performance of Valledupar in terms of poverty reduction. We propose a set of investments in education, labor policy and housing that cost $230 millions of dollars for the next 10 years, in order to create structural conditions for development and lower poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Otero-Cortés & Fernando Herrera & Juan Manuel Monroy, 2019. "Análisis de la Pobreza y Condiciones de Vida en Valledupar," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 278, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:278
    as

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    File URL: http://repositorio.banrep.gov.co/bitstream/handle/20.500.12134/9665/DTSER_278.pdf?sequence=9&isAllowed=y
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jonah E. Rockoff, 2004. "The Impact of Individual Teachers on Student Achievement: Evidence from Panel Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 247-252, May.
    2. Jaime Bonet-Morón & María Aguilera-Díaz, 2018. "Cincuenta años de la economía del Cesar: De la agroindustria del algodón a la extracción del Carbón," Cuadernos de Historia Económica 48, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena, 2017. "Financiamiento y calidad del gasto social en la región Caribe colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 262, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Molina, Ezequiel & Narayan, Ambar & Saavedra-Chanduvi, Jaime, 2013. "Outcomes, opportunity and development : why unequal opportunities and not outcomes hinder economic development," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6735, The World Bank.
    5. Eric A. Hanushek, 2016. "Will more higher education improve economic growth?," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 32(4), pages 538-552.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pobreza; educación; mercado laboral; políticas públicas; Valledupar; Poverty; education; labor market; public policy; Valledupar;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J46 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Informal Labor Market
    • R51 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Finance in Urban and Rural Economies

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