IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/bdr/region/278.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Análisis de la Pobreza y Condiciones de Vida en Valledupar

Author

Listed:
  • Andrea Otero-Cortés

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Fernando Herrera
  • Juan Manuel Monroy

Abstract

En Valledupar la pobreza ha incrementado durante los últimos cuatro años, pasando de 27% en 2014 a 33,4% para 2017. La distribución del ingreso también sufrió un revés importante durante el mismo periodo de tiempo, cuando el coeficiente de Gini pasó de 0,42 a 0,46, lo que indica que en 2017 hubo una mayor concentración de la riqueza que en 2014 (DANE, 2018). Este documento estudia los principales factores que han incidido en el aumento de la pobreza y propone una serie de inversiones para contrarrestar la desmejora en las condiciones de vida de los valduparences. Los resultados indican que el deterioro en el mercado laboral (empleo, salarios e informalidad) y la calidad de la educación son los factores que explican el incremento en pobreza. Las inversiones propuestas en temas de educación, vivienda y trabajo, que reducirían la pobreza y generarían un entorno propicio para el desarrollo económico de Valledupar, requieren de $230 millones de dólares para los próximos 10 años, lo que implicaría un esfuerzo fiscal adicional por generar $22,8 millones de dólares adicionales anuales hasta 2030. **** ABSTRACT: Poverty rate increased six percentage points in the past four years in Valledupar (DANE, 2018). The income distribution deteriorated as well during the same period of time. This document studies the main factors that explain the rise in poverty in Valledupar during 2014-2017 and proposes a series of investments that will help the city to overcome this drawback in their economic and social development. The results show that the worsening in labor market conditions (wages, employment and informality rate) due to negative shocks in coal prices and low quality of education are the factors driving the poor performance of Valledupar in terms of poverty reduction. We propose a set of investments in education, labor policy and housing that cost $230 millions of dollars for the next 10 years, in order to create structural conditions for development and lower poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Otero-Cortés & Fernando Herrera & Juan Manuel Monroy, 2019. "Análisis de la Pobreza y Condiciones de Vida en Valledupar," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 278, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:278
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.278
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.278
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.32468/dtseru.278?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Steven G. Rivkin & Eric A. Hanushek & John F. Kain, 2005. "Teachers, Schools, and Academic Achievement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(2), pages 417-458, March.
    2. Jhorland Ayala García & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2016. "La exclusión en los tiempos del auge: El caso de Cartagena," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 10(2), pages 7-43, December.
    3. Jaime Bonet-Morón & María Aguilera-Díaz, 2019. "Cincuenta anos de la economía del Cesar: De la agroindustria del algodón a la extracción del carbón," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 13(1), pages 7-65, June.
    4. Eliana Cardoso, 1992. "Inflation and Poverty," NBER Working Papers 4006, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Hanushek, Eric A. & Woessmann, Ludger, 2007. "The role of education quality for economic growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4122, The World Bank.
    6. Jonah E. Rockoff, 2004. "The Impact of Individual Teachers on Student Achievement: Evidence from Panel Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 247-252, May.
    7. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena, 2017. "Financiamiento y calidad del gasto social en la región Caribe colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 262, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Jhorland Ayala García & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2017. "Cartagena libre de pobreza extrema en el 2033," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 257, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    9. Pérez-Valbuena, Gerson Javier & Salazar-Mejía, Irene, 2008. "La pobreza en Cartagena : un análisis por barrios," Chapters, in: Meisel-Roca, Adolfo (ed.), La economía y el capital humano de Cartagena de Indias, chapter 1, pages 9-49, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    10. Luis E. Arango & Luz A. Flórez & María A. Olarte-Delgado, 2019. "Precio del carbón y dinámica laboral en Valledupar," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, vol. 22(2), pages 313-370, December.
    11. Adolfo Meisel-Roca & Diani Ricciulli-Marín, 2018. "La pobreza en Santa Marta: Los estragos del bien," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 12(2), pages 43-105, December.
    12. Nikki L. Aikens & Oscar Barbarin, 2008. "Socioeconomic Differences in Reading Trajectories: The Contribution of Family, Neighborhood, and School Contexts," Mathematica Policy Research Reports 608955b1f0f64e11b18b4e2f8, Mathematica Policy Research.
    13. Molina, Ezequiel & Narayan, Ambar & Saavedra-Chanduvi, Jaime, 2013. "Outcomes, opportunity and development : why unequal opportunities and not outcomes hinder economic development," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6735, The World Bank.
    14. Eric A. Hanushek, 2016. "Will more higher education improve economic growth?," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 32(4), pages 538-552.
    15. Sen, Amartya, 1984. "The Living Standard," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 36(0), pages 74-90, Supplemen.
    16. Datt, Gaurav & Ravallion, Martin, 1992. "Growth and redistribution components of changes in poverty measures : A decomposition with applications to Brazil and India in the 1980s," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 275-295, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Diana Ricciulli-Marín, 2019. "Planificación urbana en América Latina: el caso de Valledupar (Colombia)," Cuadernos de Historia Económica 017370, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    2. Jilmar Robledo-Caicedo, 2020. "La pobreza en Florencia: Un análisis de sus factores, consecuencias y posibles soluciones," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 018143, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Adolfo Meisel-Roca & Diani Ricciulli-Marín, 2018. "La pobreza en Santa Marta: Los estragos del bien," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 12(2), pages 43-105, December.
    2. Jilmar Robledo-Caicedo, 2020. "La pobreza en Florencia: Un análisis de sus factores, consecuencias y posibles soluciones," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 018143, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    3. Jilmar Robledo-Caicedo, 2019. "La pobreza en Quibdó: Norte de carencias," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 017145, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    4. Oscar David Marcenaro‐Gutierrez & Luis Alejandro Lopez‐Agudo, 2020. "Does Teacher Subject Knowledge Contribute to Student Academic Performance in Developing and Least Developed Countries?," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 88(3), pages 267-297, September.
    5. Diana Ricciulli-Marín & César Arismendi & Eduardo Romero, 2018. "La pobreza en Riohacha: diagnóstico, análisis y propuestas," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 017025, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    6. Murphy, Richard & Weinhardt, Felix & Wyness, Gill, 2021. "Who teaches the teachers? A RCT of peer-to-peer observation and feedback in 181 schools," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
    7. Hanushek, Eric A. & Kain, John F. & Rivkin, Steven G. & Branch, Gregory F., 2007. "Charter school quality and parental decision making with school choice," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(5-6), pages 823-848, June.
    8. Hanushek, Eric A. & Rivkin, Steven G. & Schiman, Jeffrey C., 2016. "Dynamic effects of teacher turnover on the quality of instruction," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 132-148.
    9. Dan Goldhaber & Roddy Theobald, 2013. "Managing the Teacher Workforce in Austere Times: The Determinants and Implications of Teacher Layoffs," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 8(4), pages 494-527, October.
    10. Matthew A. Kraft & John P. Papay & Olivia L. Chi, 2020. "Teacher Skill Development: Evidence from Performance Ratings by Principals," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 39(2), pages 315-347, March.
    11. Jo Blanden & Emilia Del Bono & Kirstine Hansen & Birgitta Rabe, 2022. "Quantity and quality of childcare and children’s educational outcomes," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 35(2), pages 785-828, April.
    12. Dan Goldhaber & Cyrus Grout & Nick Huntington-Klein, 2017. "Screen Twice, Cut Once: Assessing the Predictive Validity of Applicant Selection Tools," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 12(2), pages 197-223, Spring.
    13. Hinrichs, Peter, 2021. "What kind of teachers are schools looking for? Evidence from a randomized field experiment," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 186(C), pages 395-411.
    14. Karol Jan Borowiecki, 2022. "Good Reverberations? Teacher Influence in Music Composition since 1450," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 130(4), pages 991-1090.
    15. Gilpin, Gregory A., 2012. "Teacher salaries and teacher aptitude: An analysis using quantile regressions," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 15-29.
    16. Stacy, Brian, 2014. "Ranking Teachers when Teacher Value-Added is Heterogeneous Across Students," EconStor Preprints 104743, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    17. Michael Bates & Michael Dinerstein & Andrew C. Johnston & Isaac Sorkin, 2022. "Teacher Labor Market Equilibrium and Student Achievement," CESifo Working Paper Series 9551, CESifo.
    18. Papay, John P. & Kraft, Matthew A., 2015. "Productivity returns to experience in the teacher labor market: Methodological challenges and new evidence on long-term career improvement," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 105-119.
    19. Eric A. Hanushek & John F. Kain & Steven G. Rivkin & Daniel M. O'Brien, 2005. "The Market for Teacher Quality," Discussion Papers 04-025, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
    20. Goel, Deepti & Barooah, Bidisha, 2018. "Drivers of Student Performance: Evidence from Higher Secondary Public Schools in Delhi," GLO Discussion Paper Series 231, Global Labor Organization (GLO).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pobreza; educación; mercado laboral; políticas públicas; Valledupar; Poverty; education; labor market; public policy; Valledupar;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J46 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Informal Labor Market
    • R51 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Finance in Urban and Rural Economies

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bdr:region:278. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/brcgvco.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Clorith Angélica Bahos Olivera (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/brcgvco.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.