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La pobreza en Santa Marta: Los Estragos del Bien

Author

Listed:
  • Adolfo Meisel-Roca

    ()

  • Diana Ricciulli-Marin

    () (Banco de la República)

Abstract

En 1985, el indicador de pobreza por Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas (NBI) posicionó a Santa Marta como la ciudad con menor pobreza entre las ocho capitales de la región Caribe. Tres décadas más tarde, en 2017, Santa Marta fue la tercera ciudad con mayor pobreza monetaria en la región, solo superada por Riohacha y Valledupar. Este documento tiene tres objetivos principales: (i) realizar una caracterización espacial de la pobreza en Santa Marta, (ii) investigar las razones del rezago relativo en reducción de pobreza y (iii) proponer una serie de inversiones para superar dicho rezago. El análisis encuentra que el retroceso se debe en buena parte a la llegada masiva de desplazados que inició en la década de 1990. Por su parte, los mapas muestran la aparición de cinturones de miseria en las faldas de los cerros aledaños y en algunas zonas del perímetro urbano, en donde la pobreza coincide con la informalidad y el bajo logro educativo de la población. Estos y otros resultados, revelan prioridades de inversión en cuatro sectores: educación, vivienda, acueducto y alcantarillado, y empleo. *******ABSTRACT: In 1985, Santa Marta was the city with the lowest level of structural poverty in the Caribbean region. Three decades later, in 2017, Santa Marta had the third highest monetary poverty rate in the region, only lower than Riohacha and Valledupar. The purpose of this paper is threefold. First, to characterize poverty and its spatial dimension in Santa Marta. Second, to understand the causes of the lag in poverty reduction. And third, to propose a set of investments to overcome this lag. The analysis shows that one of the main factors associated with poverty in the city was the massive arrival of displaced people starting in 1990. The maps, meanwhile, show the appearance of misery belts in the surrounding foothills and in some areas inside the urban perimeter, where poverty is correlated with informality and low educational attainment of the population. All in all, results reveal investment priorities in four sectors: education, housing, water and sewage, and employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Adolfo Meisel-Roca & Diana Ricciulli-Marin, 2018. "La pobreza en Santa Marta: Los Estragos del Bien," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 266, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:266
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Weller, Jürgen, 2004. "El empleo terciario en América Latina: entre la modernidad y la sobrevivencia," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
    2. Galvis-Aponte, Luis Armando & Meisel-Roca, Adolfo, 2011. "Persistencia de las desigualdades regionales en Colombia : un análisis espacial," Chapters,in: Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo (ed.), Dimensión regional de las desigualdades en Colombia, chapter 1, pages 3-32 Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena, 2017. "Financiamiento y calidad del gasto social en la región Caribe colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 262, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Feres, Juan Carlos & Mancero, Xavier, 2000. "Enfoques para la medición de la pobreza: breve revisión de la literatura," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 31425, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    5. Julio Romero, 2007. "¿Discriminación laboral o capital humano? determinantes del ingreso laboral De los afrocartageneros.Abstract:En este trabajo se cuantifican las diferencias en el ingreso laboral para los cartageneros ," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 98, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Santa Marta; pobreza; educación;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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