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Poverty Traps in the Municipalities of Ecuador: Empirical Evidence

Author

Listed:
  • Ronny Correa-Quezada

    () (Department of Economics, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (UTPL), Loja 11-01-608, Ecuador)

  • Diego Fernando García-Vélez

    () (Department of Economics, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (UTPL), Loja 11-01-608, Ecuador)

  • María de la Cruz Del Río-Rama

    () (Business Organisation and Marketing Department, Faculty of Business Administration and Tourism, University of Vigo, 32004 Ourense, Spain)

  • José Álvarez-García

    () (Financial Economy and Accounting Department, Faculty of Finance, Business and Tourism, University of Extremadura, 10071 Caceres, Spain)

Abstract

The objective of this research is to identify from a spatial and temporal perspective the territories that are located in a “poverty trap” scenario. This is a scenario that does not allow overcoming the conditions and determinants that gave rise to this precarious situation, creating a vicious circle where the conditions of poverty endure through time. The methodology applied is an exploratory analysis of spatial dependence through Moran’s scatterplot and local indicators of spatial association (LISA) maps to visualize the spatial clusters of poverty. The database used is that of the population and housing censuses of 1990, 2001, and 2010 at the cantonal level. The results determine that 73 cantons were in a poverty trap over the period 1990–2001, while from 2001–2010, there were 75 cantons in this situation, which were located mainly in the provinces of Esmeraldas, Manabí, and Loja.

Suggested Citation

  • Ronny Correa-Quezada & Diego Fernando García-Vélez & María de la Cruz Del Río-Rama & José Álvarez-García, 2018. "Poverty Traps in the Municipalities of Ecuador: Empirical Evidence," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(11), pages 1-18, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:11:p:4316-:d:184380
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    poverty trap; unsatisfied basic needs (UBN); spatial clusters; exploratory spatial data analysis; Ecuador;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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