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Aspiration Failure: A Poverty Trap for Indigenous Children in Peru?

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  • Pasquier-Doumer, Laure
  • Risso Brandon, Fiorella

Abstract

This paper highlights a particular mechanism underlying the exclusion process of indigenous people in Peru by analyzing the role of aspirations in educational investment. Relying on the Young Lives dataset, we find that indigenous children do not limit their aspirations when compared to non-indigenous children with the same socio-economic background. Findings suggest that they do not have internalized racial schemas about their opportunities. However, aspirations are a channel of inequality persistence between ethnic groups, exacerbating the effect of socioeconomic status on educational achievement. Indeed, socioeconomic status predicts the level of aspiration which in turn impacts progress in language acquisition.

Suggested Citation

  • Pasquier-Doumer, Laure & Risso Brandon, Fiorella, 2015. "Aspiration Failure: A Poverty Trap for Indigenous Children in Peru?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 208-223.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:72:y:2015:i:c:p:208-223
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.03.001
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:wdevel:v:109:y:2018:i:c:p:261-278 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Dalton, Patricio & Rüschenpöhler, Julius & Zia, Bilal, 2018. "Determinants and Dynamics of Business Aspirations : Evidence from Small-scale Entrepreneurs in an Emerging Market," Discussion Paper 2018-009, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    3. Lionel Jeusette & Philip Verwimp, 2017. "Childhood aspirations, occupational outcomes and exposure to violence: Evidence from Burundi," HiCN Working Papers 247, Households in Conflict Network.
    4. Echávarri, Rebeca & Husillos, Javier, 2016. "The Missing Link Between Parents’ Preferences and Daughters’ Survival: The Moderator Effect of Societal Discrimination," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 372-385.
    5. repec:eee:jeborg:v:143:y:2017:i:c:p:116-132 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Wuepper, David & Sauer, Johannes, 2016. "Explaining the performance of contract farming in Ghana: The role of self-efficacy and social capital," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 11-27.
    7. Mohamed Arouri & Adel Ben-Youssef & Cuong Nguyen, 2016. "Ethnic and racial disparities in children's education Comparative evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Viet Nam," WIDER Working Paper Series 087, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    8. Delprato, Marcos & Akyeampong, Kwame & Dunne, Máiréad, 2017. "Intergenerational Education Effects of Early Marriage in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 173-192.
    9. Chivers, David, 2017. "Success, survive or escape? Aspirations and poverty traps," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 143(C), pages 116-132.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    aspirations; indigenous people; exclusion; education; Peru;

    JEL classification:

    • D01 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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