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Teacher Turnover, Composition and Qualifications in the Year-Round School Setting

Author

Listed:
  • Graves Jennifer

    (Department of Economics and Public Finance, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049Madrid, Spain)

  • McMullen Steven

    (Department of Economics & Business, Hope College, 41 Graves Place, Holland, MI 49423, USA)

  • Rouse Kathryn

    (Department of Economics, Elon University, 2075 Campus Box, Elon, NC 27244, USA)

Abstract

We estimate the effects of year-round school (YRS) calendars on teacher turnover and teacher qualifications for the state of California, finding that YRS results in diminished teacher education and experience. This result is notable as previous research finds negative academic impacts of YRS in California. As context for our findings, we use comparisons with North Carolina, where research has found neutral academic impacts for the same calendar. While we find that schools in both locations hire more teachers to accommodate the calendar, teacher qualifications do not decrease for North Carolina. Our results are therefore consistent with, and can partly explain, evidence on the impact of YRS on student achievement. Additionally, as YRS is implemented in more affluent areas in North Carolina and in disadvantaged populations in California, we use matched samples to show that student demographics do not explain our teacher impacts found for California.

Suggested Citation

  • Graves Jennifer & McMullen Steven & Rouse Kathryn, 2018. "Teacher Turnover, Composition and Qualifications in the Year-Round School Setting," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 18(3), pages 1-27, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejeap:v:18:y:2018:i:3:p:27:n:5
    DOI: 10.1515/bejeap-2017-0240
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jonah E. Rockoff, 2004. "The Impact of Individual Teachers on Student Achievement: Evidence from Panel Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 247-252, May.
    2. Bellei, Cristián, 2009. "Does lengthening the school day increase students' academic achievement? Results from a natural experiment in Chile," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 629-640, October.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    teacher turnover; year-round school; teacher quality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets

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