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La brecha fiscal territorial en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Jaime Bonet-Morón
  • Jhorland Ayala-García

Abstract

Este trabajo presenta una estimación de las necesidades de gasto y de la capacidad fiscal de los municipios y departamentos de Colombia para el año 2014. Para estimar la primera se emplea la norma de gasto por habitante, mientras que el análisis envolvente de datos se usa para estimar la segunda. Los resultados muestran que existen disparidades fiscales horizontales en Colombia con mayor incidencia en los municipios que en los departamentos, y que estas son en mayores en los territorios con mayor atraso relativo. Se encontró evidencia de un patrón centro periferia en las brechas fiscales territoriales, donde regiones del centro del país registran menores desequilibrios entre sus necesidades de gasto y su capacidad para generar recursos propios. Un sistema de transferencias de igualación que cubra esas brechas sería la opción una política pública viable para corregirlas. Classification-JEL: H71, H73, H77, R12.Keywords: disparidades fiscales horizontales, capacidad fiscal, necesidad de gasto, análisis envolvente de datos.Note:

Suggested Citation

  • Jaime Bonet-Morón & Jhorland Ayala-García, 2016. "La brecha fiscal territorial en Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 235, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:235
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H73 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Interjurisdictional Differentials and Their Effects
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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