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La brecha fiscal territorial en Colombia

Author

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  • Jaime Bonet-Morón
  • Jhorland Ayala-García

Abstract

Este trabajo presenta una estimación de las necesidades de gasto y de la capacidad fiscal de los municipios y departamentos de Colombia para el año 2014. Para estimar la primera se emplea la norma de gasto por habitante, mientras que el análisis envolvente de datos se usa para estimar la segunda. Los resultados muestran que existen disparidades fiscales horizontales en Colombia con mayor incidencia en los municipios que en los departamentos, y que estas son en mayores en los territorios con mayor atraso relativo. Se encontró evidencia de un patrón centro periferia en las brechas fiscales territoriales, donde regiones del centro del país registran menores desequilibrios entre sus necesidades de gasto y su capacidad para generar recursos propios. Un sistema de transferencias de igualación que cubra esas brechas sería la opción una política pública viable para corregirlas. Classification-JEL: H71, H73, H77, R12.Keywords: disparidades fiscales horizontales, capacidad fiscal, necesidad de gasto, análisis envolvente de datos.Note:

Suggested Citation

  • Jaime Bonet-Morón & Jhorland Ayala-García, 2016. "La brecha fiscal territorial en Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 235, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:235
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.235
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    Cited by:

    1. Jilmar Robledo-Caicedo, 2020. "La pobreza en Florencia: Un análisis de sus factores, consecuencias y posibles soluciones," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 018143, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    2. Jilmar Robledo-Caicedo, 2019. "La pobreza en Quibdó: Norte de carencias," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 017145, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    3. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Diana Ricciulli-Marín, 2019. "Planificación urbana en América Latina: el caso de Valledupar (Colombia)," Cuadernos de Historia Económica 017370, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    4. Jaime Bonet Morón & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena & Diana Ricciulli-Marín, 2018. "¿Hay pereza fiscal territorial en Colombia?," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, vol. 21(2), pages 247-307, December.
    5. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena & Luis Montero-Mestre, 2018. "Las finanzas públicas territoriales en Colombia: dos décadas de cambios," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 016258, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    6. Leopoldo Fergusson & Tatiana Hiller & Ana Maria Ibañez, 2020. "Growth and inclusion trajectories of Colombian functional territories," Sobre México. Revista de Economía, Sobre México. Temas en economía, vol. 1(1), pages 79-125.
    7. Raúl-Alberto Chamorro-Narváez & Andrés-Camilo Santos-Ospina & Andrés-Felipe Urrea-Bermúdez, 2020. "Política fiscal subnacional y ciclos económicos regionales: análisis para el caso de los departamentos en Colombia, 2000-2016," Ensayos de Economía 019136, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Medellín.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    disparidades fiscales horizontales; capacidad fiscal; necesidad de gasto; análisis envolvente de datos.note:;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H73 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Interjurisdictional Differentials and Their Effects
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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