IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Las desigualdades en la distribución del nivel educativo de los docentes en Colombia


  • Luis Armando Galvis


  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía


This paper aims to study the differences in the degree of professionalization of teachers in educational institutions in Colombia. We decompose the inequalities in the supply of teachers according to their degree of professionalization through the Theil index. Next, we carry out estimates of the determinants of professionalization, taking into account characteristics of the school and the municipalities where the institutions operate. We evaluate two hypotheses: first, whether more public spending on education personnel by local authorities has helped to improve the level of training of the teachers in government institutions; next, we assess the impact of the teacher professionalization law of 2002 on the degree of teacher professionalization. Resumen: El presente documento tiene por objetivo estudiar las desigualdades en la distribución de la formación académica de los docentes en Colombia. Para esto, se descomponen las desigualdades en la dotación de profesores según el grado de profesionalización de éstos a través de los índices de Theil. Además, se llevan a cabo estimaciones de los determinantes de esa profesionalización teniendo en cuenta características del colegio y de los municipios donde funcionan las instituciones. Se evalúan dos hipótesis: por un lado, si un mayor gasto público en personal educativo por parte de los entes territoriales ha contribuido a mejorar el nivel de formación de los docentes de las instituciones oficiales. Por otro lado, se evalúan los efectos del Nuevo Estatuto de Profesionalización Docente de 2002 sobre el nivel educativo promedio de los profesores.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis & Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2011. "Las desigualdades en la distribución del nivel educativo de los docentes en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 008918, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008918

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jairo Núñez & Roberto Steiner & Ximena Cadena & Renata Pardo, 2002. "¿Cuáles Colegios Ofrecen Mejor Educación En Colombia?," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003796, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    2. Ligia Melo Becerra, 2005. "Impacto De La Descentralización Fiscal Sobre La Educación Pública Colombiana," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002802, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    3. María Modesta Aguilera, 1998. "Los cultivos de camarones en la Costa Caribe Colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 02, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Alejandro GAVIRIA, Jorge Hugo BARRIENTOS & Jorge Hugo BARRIENTOS, 2001. "Determinantes de la calidad de la educación en Colombia," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002301, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    5. Darius Lakdawalla, 2001. "The Declining Quality of Teachers," NBER Working Papers 8263, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Luis Armando Galvis, 2010. "Comportamiento de los salarios reales en Colombia: Un análisis de convergencia condicional, 1984-2009," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 127, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Gregory Gilpin & Michael Kaganovich, 2009. "The Quantity and Quality of Teachers: A Dynamic Trade-off," CESifo Working Paper Series 2516, CESifo Group Munich.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía & Luis Armando Galvis, 2011. "Profesionalización docente y la calidad de la educación escolar en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 009005, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    2. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Jhorland Ayala-García, 2016. "La brecha fiscal territorial en Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 235, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Leonardo Bonilla & Luis Armando Galvis, 2012. "Profesionalización docente y calidad de la educación escolar en Colombia," Revista Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 30(68), pages 116-163, June.

    More about this item


    profesionalización docente; gasto en educación; Nuevo Estatuto Docente.;

    JEL classification:

    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:col:000102:008918. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Banco De La República - Economía Regional). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.