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Más allá de la infraestructura: el impacto de las bibliotecas públicas en la calidad de la educación

  • Paul Rodríguez Lesmes

    ()

  • José Trujillo

    ()

  • Daniel Valderrama

    ()

Resumen: La literatura sobre la calidad de la educación ha prestado poca atención al papel que tienen las bibliotecas públicas dentro de los determinantes del desempeño educativo.Las bibliotecas públicas son activos externos al colegio y al hogar del estudiante, pero hacen parte del entorno social que les rodea. La puesta en marcha a finales de 2001 de tres bibliotecas de gran tamaño en Bogotá, conocidas como megabibliotecas, nos permite analizar el impacto de estas iniciativas sobre la calidad de la educación en los colegios aledaños. Dicho impacto se daría a través de mecanismos adicionales a la simple reducción de costos al acceso a la información: las bibliotecas renovaron el espacio público mediante la generación de espacios agradables y amigables hacia la educación, además ofrecen regularmente actividades lúdicas dirigidas a las habitantes del sector. Aprovechando la distancia del plantel educativo a la biblioteca como una aproximación al costo de acceso a la misma, utilizando para ello Diferencia en Diferencias junto a la descomposición Blinder Oaxaca. Encontramos que las mismas parecen no tener un impacto significativo sobre el desempeño académico general en los exámenes oficiales SABER 11 durante los años posteriores a su implementación. Se recomienda analizar programas específicos que aprovechen las bibliotecas para actividades escolares y otras posibles variables de impacto como actitudes hacia el estudio y aspiraciones a la educación superior.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 010499.

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Date of creation: 28 Feb 2013
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Handle: RePEc:col:000092:010499
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