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El valor que agrega la escuela: una aproximación a la calidad de la educación en Colombia

Listed author(s):
  • Andres Casas


  • Luis Fernando Gamboa


  • Luis Piñeros


El artículo presenta nuevas formas de abordar los resultados de estudiantes y colegios en los exámenes de estado del ICFES. Incorporando las críticas recibidas por diferentes publicaciones, en donde se comparan los colegios de acuerdo al puntaje promedio obtenido por cada uno de ellos, se propone un análisis de valor agregado, el cual tiene en cuenta de manera explícita las diferencias en el contexto socioeconómico de los estudiantes y sus familias, para abordar de manera más equitativa los resultados académicos. Se muestra la bondad de esta técnica para efectos del diagnóstico y diseño de estrategias de mejoramiento tanto a nivel de los colegios como al interior de ellos, al poder explorar los resultados de cada uno de sus estudiantes. ************************************************************************ The article presents new forms to undertake the results of students and schools in the ICFES exam. Incorporating the criticisms of different publications where are compared the schools according to the score average obtained by each one of them, an analysis of aggregate value is proposed, which keeps in mind in an explicit way the differences in the socioeconomic status of the students and its families, to undertake of fairer way the academic results. The kindness of this technique for effects of the diagnosis and design of strategies of improvement is shown, so much to level of the schools as to the inside of them, to explore the results of each one of its students.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its series BORRADORES DE INVESTIGACIÓN with number 002566.

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Length: 28
Date of creation: 02 Sep 2002
Handle: RePEc:col:000091:002566
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  1. Gary S. Becker & Kevin M. Murphy & Robert Tamura, 1994. "Human Capital, Fertility, and Economic Growth," NBER Chapters,in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education (3rd Edition), pages 323-350 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Luis Fernando Gamboa & Andres Casas, 2001. "Calidad de vida: una medida alternativa para el caso colombiano," BORRADORES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 002080, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  3. Carmichael, H Lorne, 1989. "Self-Enforcing Contracts, Shirking, and Life Cycle Incentives," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(4), pages 65-83, Fall.
  4. Summers, Anita A & Wolfe, Barbara L, 1977. "Do Schools Make a Difference?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(4), pages 639-652, September.
  5. Carl M. Campbell III & Kunal S. Kamlani, 1997. "The Reasons for Wage Rigidity: Evidence from a Survey of Firms," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 112(3), pages 759-789.
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