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Doble jornada escolar y calidad de la educación en Colombia


  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía



La calidad de la educación es uno de los principales determinantes del crecimiento económico y el desarrollo. El principal objetivo del presente documento es evaluar si la doble jornada escolar tiene efectos negativos sobre la calidad de la educación en Colombia. Para esto se estima el efecto local promedio del tratamiento a partir de regresiones con variables instrumentales. Los resultados son consistentes con la evidencia internacional: estudiar en jornada completa tiene un impacto positivo sobre los resultados académicos, especialmente cuando se compara con los estudiantes de la jornada de la tarde. Además, se aproximan los costos fijos de la implementación de una jornada diurna única en Colombia. Se trata sin duda de una suma considerable, pero alcanzable, sobre todo si se compara con el presupuesto de inversión de otras áreas. ABSTRACT: Quality of education is one of the most important determinants of economic growth and development. The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate if double-shift schooling has a negative effect on the quality of education in Colombia. Instrumental variables regressions are used to estimate the local average treatment effects. Results are consistent with international evidence: Attending single-shift schools has a positive impact on academic performance, particularly if compared to students attending the afternoon shift. The fixed costs of implementing a single-shift school system in Colombia are also estimated. Without any doubt, it is a very big investment, yet reachable, especially when compared to the public expenditures on other areas.

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  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2011. "Doble jornada escolar y calidad de la educación en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 008352, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008352

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lee, Jong-Wha & Barro, Robert J, 2001. "Schooling Quality in a Cross-Section of Countries," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 68(272), pages 465-488, November.
    2. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Melo B. & Jorge Ramos F., 2006. "Evaluación Y Análisis De Eficiencia De La Educación En Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002645, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    3. David Card & Alan Krueger, 1990. "Does School Quality Matter? Returns to Education and the Characteristics of Public Schools in the United States," Working Papers 645, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    4. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Melo & Jorge Ramos, 2007. "Análisis de eficiencia de la educación en Colombia," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, May.
    5. Christopher F Baum & Mark E Schaffer & Steven Stillman, 2002. "IVREG2: Stata module for extended instrumental variables/2SLS and GMM estimation," Statistical Software Components S425401, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 09 Feb 2016.
    6. Markus Frolich & Blaise Melly, 2010. "Estimation of quantile treatment effects with Stata," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 10(3), pages 423-457, September.
    7. Alejandro GAVIRIA, Jorge Hugo BARRIENTOS & Jorge Hugo BARRIENTOS, 2001. "Determinantes de la calidad de la educación en Colombia," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002301, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    8. James H. Stock & Motohiro Yogo, 2002. "Testing for Weak Instruments in Linear IV Regression," NBER Technical Working Papers 0284, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Victor Lavy, 2010. "Do Differences in School's Instruction Time Explain International Achievement Gaps in Maths, Science and Language? Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries," CEE Discussion Papers 0118, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Armando Galvis-Aponte, 2015. "La eficiencia del gasto público en educación en Colombia," REVISTA ECONOMÍA & REGIÓN, UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE BOLÍVAR, vol. 9(2), pages 75-97, December.
    2. Zelda Brutti, 2016. "Cities drifting apart: Heterogeneous outcomes of decentralizing public education," Working Papers 2016/26, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    3. Gómez Silva Carlos Alberto, 2016. "Clasificación de colegios según las pruebas Saber 11 del ICFES: un análisis usando modelos marginales (MM)," REVISTA SOCIEDAD Y ECONOMIA - CIDSE, UNIVERSIDAD DEL VALLE - CIDSE, vol. 0(30), pages 11-404, January.
    4. Carlos Alberto GÓMEZ SILVA, 2014. "Clasificación de colegios según las Pruebas SABER 11 del ICFES en el Período 2001-2011: un Análisis Longitudinal a Través del Uso de Modelos Marginales (MM)," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 012314, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
    5. Arlen Guarín & Carlos Medina & Christian Posso, 2017. "Calidad y Cobertura de la Educación Secundaria Pública y Privada en Colombia, y sus Costos Ocultos," Borradores de Economia 1006, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

    More about this item


    Education; quality of education; Double-shift schooling.;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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