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Calidad y Cobertura de la Educación Secundaria Pública y Privada en Colombia, y sus Costos Ocultos

Author

Listed:
  • Arlen Guarín

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Carlos Medina

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Christian Posso

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

Abstract

Este documento describe la evolución de la cobertura de la educación secundaria en Colombia. Combina técnicas de evaluación de impacto y un análisis de costo-beneficio para comparar la calidad de la educación media pública con la privada. Se observa que el crecimiento de la matrícula pública está desplazando a la oferta privada, incluso en hogares en niveles socioeconómicos con capacidad de pago por educación privada. Se evidencia una gran variación en los resultados en las pruebas Saber 11 entre los colegios públicos. Asimismo, en algunas ciudades y estratos, hay estudiantes asistiendo a una oferta pública de menor calidad que la privada disponible, debido, en gran medida, a la falta de incentivos privados de los hogares. Finalmente, se encuentra que el gobierno podría generar beneficios sociales si incentivara en los hogares, vía el otorgamiento de becas parciales, el tránsito de colegios públicos a colegios privados. Beneficios similares se podrían generar si el gobierno regulara la educación privada de baja calidad en las ciudades y estratos con oferta pública de mayor calidad. Estos resultados llevan a cuestionar la magnitud de la expansión en la cobertura de la educación pública, a la vez que sugieren que al interior del sector público y privado, habría espacio para introducir incentivos diferenciales al desempeño.

Suggested Citation

  • Arlen Guarín & Carlos Medina & Christian Posso, 2017. "Calidad y Cobertura de la Educación Secundaria Pública y Privada en Colombia, y sus Costos Ocultos," Borradores de Economia 1006, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:1006
    DOI: 10.32468/be.1006
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/be.1006
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Arlen Guarín & Carlos Medina & Christian Posso, 2018. "Calidad, cobertura y costo ocultos de la educación secundaria pública y privada en Colombia," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, vol. 81(2), August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cobertura en Educación Secundaria; Calidad de Educación; acumulación de Capital Humano.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education

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