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Teacher quality and student achievement in Chile: Linking teachers' contribution and observable characteristics

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  • Canales, Andrea
  • Maldonado, Luis

Abstract

While there is wide consensus regarding the importance of quality of teachers in student achievement; yet, accounting for teacher effects remain a puzzling task. In Chile, research on teacher quality has predominantly relied on cross-sectional data, and largely focused on identifying teacher attributes related to teaching quality. Only have few studies addressed the problem of non-random assignment of students to teachers. This paper attempts to fill these gaps. On the basis of pseudo-longitudinal data for 2011 from the Education Quality Measurement System and teachers’ administrative records, we employed value-added and fixed-effect models correcting for sorting-bias, to assess the overall contribution of teachers to student achievement and identify which teacher characteristics enhance teacher effectiveness. We find that teacher contribution to students’ learning in mathematics and language is very significant. In addition, teaching experience has a significant non-linear impact on test scores in math but not in reading. Both junior and senior teachers are effective in the educational system. We discuss the policy implications and limitations of these results.

Suggested Citation

  • Canales, Andrea & Maldonado, Luis, 2018. "Teacher quality and student achievement in Chile: Linking teachers' contribution and observable characteristics," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 33-50.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:injoed:v:60:y:2018:i:c:p:33-50
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2017.09.009
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    2. Qin, Lixia & Bowen, Daniel H., 2019. "The distributions of teacher qualification: A cross-national study," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 1-1.
    3. Felipe Salce Díaz, 2020. "Deserción escolar y calidad de los docentes en Chile," Revista de Analisis Economico – Economic Analysis Review, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Business, vol. 35(2), pages 135-159, October.
    4. Kittisak Laksana & Kanrawee Busayanon & Yasa Mahamarn, 2019. "Creating Pre-Service Teachers? Engagement In An Active Learning Journey With Project-Based Learning To Become Effective Teachers," Proceedings of Teaching and Education Conferences 9612122, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
    5. Lee, Se Woong & Lee, Eunjung Alice, 2020. "Teacher qualification matters: The association between cumulative teacher qualification and students’ educational attainment," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 77(C).

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