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¿Cuáles Colegios Ofrecen Mejor Educación En Colombia?

Listed author(s):
  • Jairo Núñez

    ()

  • Roberto Steiner

    ()

  • Ximena Cadena

    ()

  • Renata Pardo

    ()

En este estudio se determinan las diferencias en las pruebas del ICFES entre alumnos de colegios públicos y privados. Después de controlar por las características de los individuos, del hogar, de la infraestructura del colegio y el nivel educativo de los docentes, tanto a nivel nacional como a nivel urbano y rural se encuentra una diferencia significativa en favor de los privados. Ésta es atribuible a características no observables, entre las que figuran el sistema de incentivos y ascensos de los maestros. Las diferencias a favor de los colegios privados son más marcadas en los niveles de ingresos medios y altos y, de hecho, en el nivel de ingreso más bajo los estudiantes de colegios públicos obtienen logros superiores. Como una primera aproximación a los efectos de las características no observables, comparamos los logros de colegios públicos, privados y de educación contratada (educación pública administrada por la iglesia) en los 36 municipios donde ésta funciona. Se encuentra una diferencia significativa a favor de la educación contratada, y resultados más favorables para los colegios públicos que para los privados. Dado que en estos municipios operan programas de Escuela Nueva --innovadora versión de escuela pública-- ello sugiere que no solo importa la diferencia entre colegios públicos y privados, sino también las diferencias dentro de cada grupo de ellos. En todos los casos, controlamos por la endogeneidad en la escogencia delcolegio, algo novedoso para Colombia.

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File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/D2002-03.pdf
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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 003796.

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Length: 56
Date of creation: 10 Apr 2002
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:003796
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  2. Jere R. Behrman & Alejandro Gaviria & Miguel Székely, 2001. "Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Fall 2001), pages 1-44, August.
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  4. Sarmiento Gómez, Alfredo & Vargas González, Jorge Enrique, 1997. "La descentralización de los servicios de salud en Colombia," Series Históricas 51, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
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  8. Heckman, James J. & Lalonde, Robert J. & Smith, Jeffrey A., 1999. "The economics and econometrics of active labor market programs," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 31, pages 1865-2097 Elsevier.
  9. Alejandra Mizala & Pilar Romaguera, 1998. "Desempeño escolar y elección de colegios: La experiencia chilena," Documentos de Trabajo 36, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
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  11. Alejandro GAVIRIA, Jorge Hugo BARRIENTOS & Jorge Hugo BARRIENTOS, 2001. "Determinantes de la calidad de la educación en Colombia," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002301, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  12. James Heckman & Hidehiko Ichimura & Jeffrey Smith & Petra Todd, 1998. "Characterizing Selection Bias Using Experimental Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(5), pages 1017-1098, September.
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  14. Dahan, Momi & Gaviria, Alejandro, 2001. "Sibling Correlations and Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 49(3), pages 537-554, April.
  15. Randall W. Eberts & Joe A. Stone, 1987. "Teacher Unions and the Productivity of Public Schools," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 40(3), pages 354-363, April.
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