IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Desempeño escolar y elección de colegios: La experiencia chilena

  • Alejandra Mizala

    ()

  • Pilar Romaguera

    ()

Hoy en día existe una creciente preocupación sobre el tema de la calidad de la educación, derivada en parte del reconocimiento de sus efectos sobre la distribución del ingreso y el crecimiento económico. Sin embargo, la experiencia nos señala que este desafío es complejo. Tanto los países en desarrollo como los países desarrollados han, por una parte, gastado una creciente cantidad de recursos y, por otra, implementado diversas reformas con el fin de mejorar la calidad de la educación; muchas veces los resultados no han estado de acuerdo a lo esperado. Chile ha sido uno de los países que ha introducido reformas novedosas en el sistema educativo: descentralización, subsidios a la demanda y elección de colegios como estímulo a la competencia, evaluaciones estandarizadas como la prueba SIMCE, programas especiales (como el MECE), programas de apoyo focalizado a las escuelas más pobres (P-900), entre otras medidas. Una de las reformas más interesantes ha sido la introducción de un sistema de subvenciones escolares (similares a un voucher) y la entrada de agentes privados en la provisión de servicios educativos gratuitos. Chile, en la práctica, ha implementado una de las reformas más discutidas a nivel internacional, como lo demuestra la extensa discusión sobre las políticas de elección de colegios (choice). El propósito de este trabajo es examinar la experiencia chilena focalizándose, por una parte, en las reformas que buscan emular o crear mecanismos de mercado como forma de incentivar la calidad del proceso educativo, y por otra, en el análisis del rendimiento escolar de los establecimientos educacionales según su tipo de dependencia.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/~cea/sitedev/cea/www/download.php?file=documentos_trabajo/ASOCFILE120030402123414.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 36.

as
in new window

Length:
Date of creation: 1998
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:36
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.dii.uchile.cl/cea/

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Meyer, Robert H., 1997. "Value-added indicators of school performance: A primer," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 283-301, June.
  2. Ritzen, Jozef M. M. & van Dommelen, Jan & De Vijlder, Frans J., 1997. "School finance and school choice in the Netherlands," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 329-335, June.
  3. Levin, Henry M., 1991. "The economics of educational choice," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 137-158, June.
  4. Cristían Aedo, 1997. "Organización Industrial de la Prestación de Servicios Sociales," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 7561, Inter-American Development Bank.
  5. Eric A. Hanushek, 1979. "Conceptual and Empirical Issues in the Estimation of Educational Production Functions," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 14(3), pages 351-388.
  6. Goldhaber, Dan D., 1996. "Public and private high schools: Is school choice an answer to the productivity problem?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 93-109, April.
  7. West, Edwin G, 1997. "Education Vouchers in Principle and Practice: A Survey," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 12(1), pages 83-103, February.
  8. Blair, John P. & Staley, Sam, 1995. "Quality competition and public schools: Further evidence," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 193-198, June.
  9. Cecilia Elena Rouse, 1997. "Private School Vouchers and Student Achievement: An Evaluation of the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program," NBER Working Papers 5964, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Winkler, Donald R. & Rounds, Taryn, 1996. "Municipal and private sector response to decentralization and school choice," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 365-376, October.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:edj:ceauch:36. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.