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Competencia y Resultados Educativos: Teoría y Evidencia para Chile

  • Francisco Gallego

    ()

    (Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.)

Este trabajo presenta un modelo conceptual y estimaciones empíricas para estudiar los efectos de la competencia que enfrentan los colegios sobre la calidad de la educación que ofrecen. Los resultados empíricos, obtenidos utilizando información para cerca de 5000 colegios entre 1994 y 1997 y estimaciones robustas a endogeneidad, apoyan las predicciones del modelo teórico y muestran un efecto positivo y económicamente relevante de la competencia en los resultados de los colegios chilenos subvencionados. Esos efectos son relativamente mayores para los colegios particulares subvencionados, que enfrentan incentivos más directamente relacionados con su desempeño académico.

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File URL: http://www.economia.puc.cl/docs/dt_217.pdf
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Paper provided by Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 217.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:ioe:doctra:217
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  1. Wendy Carlin & Steven Fries & Mark Schaffer & Paul Seabright, 2001. "Competition and Enterprise Performance in Transition Economies: Evidence from a Cross-country Survey," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 376, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
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  14. Carnoy, Martin, 1997. "Is Privatization through Education Vouchers Really the Answer? A Comment," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 12(1), pages 105-16, February.
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  16. Caroline Minter Hoxby, 1994. "Do Private Schools Provide Competition for Public Schools?," NBER Working Papers 4978, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Hoxby, Caroline M., 1999. "The productivity of schools and other local public goods producers," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 1-30, October.
  18. Fernandez, Raquel & Rogerson, Richard, 1998. "Public Education and Income Distribution: A Dynamic Quantitative Evaluation of Education-Finance Reform," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(4), pages 813-33, September.
  19. Epple, Dennis & Romano, Richard E, 1998. "Competition between Private and Public Schools, Vouchers, and Peer-Group Effects," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(1), pages 33-62, March.
  20. Fernando Coloma, 1999. "Posibilidades de Competencia en el Sector Educacional Subvencionado," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 36(108), pages 781-839.
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