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Descentralización Y Progreso En El Acceso A Los Servicios Sociales De Educación, Salud Y Agua Y Alcantarillado

El objetivo del presente trabajo es determinar la contribución del proceso de descentralización de la última década al avance en los indicadores de acceso a los servicios sociales. La descentralización aumentó las competencias y los recursos de los municipios para la prestación de servicios sociales de educación, salud y agua potable y alcantarillado. Se parte del principio que los dirigentes locales tienen más conocimiento de las necesidades de servicios sociales de la población, y por consiguiente, pueden asignar los recursos fiscales de forma tal que reflejen esas necesidades. No obstante lo anterior, el desempeño en la prestación y aumentos en cobertura en los servicios sociales difiere dramáticamente entre municipios, a pesar de que el marco legal sea idéntico. El origen de esas diferencias es múltiples: recursos, capacidad fiscal, capacidad técnica, participación política, conflicto interno, etc. El trabajo encuentra que -en adición al monto de los recursos- el esfuerzo propio como proporción del gasto total es la variable que tiene el mayor efecto en el aumento de las coberturas educativas y de salud. Por su parte, las transferencias a los municipios como proporción del gasto tienen efecto nulo o negativo en el aumento de las coberturas. El trabajo elabora un conjunto de tipologías municipales basadas en las variables asociadas al desempeño en la provisión de servicios sociales y señala un conjunto de recomendaciones para la futura reforma del Sistema General de Participaciones que es el marco vigente de transferencias intergubernamentales.

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File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/d2006-15.pdf
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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 002287.

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Length: 79
Date of creation: 15 Mar 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:002287
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  1. Ruben Enikolopov & Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, 2006. "Decentralization and Political Institutions," Working Papers w0065, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR).
  2. Ahmad, Junaid & Devarajan, Shantayanan & Khemani, Stuti & Shah, Shekhar, 2005. "Decentralization and service delivery," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3603, The World Bank.
  3. Ligia Melo B., . "Impacto de la Descentralización Fiscal sobre la Educación Pública Colombiana," Borradores de Economia 350, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  4. Faguet, Jean-Paul, 2001. "Does decentralization increase responsiveness to local needs? - evidence from Bolivia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2516, The World Bank.
  5. Sebastian Galiani & Ernesto Schargrodsky, 2001. "Evaluating the Impact of School Decentralization on Education Quality," Working Papers 41, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia, revised Dec 2001.
  6. Mushfiq Mobarak, Ahmed & Rajkumar, Andrew Sunil & Cropper, Maureen, 2005. "The political economy of health services provision and access in Brazil," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3508, The World Bank.
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