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¿Habrá una segunda oportunidad sobre la tierra? Instituciones coloniales y disparidades económicas regionales en Colombia

Listed author(s):
  • Laura Cepeda Emiliani


  • Adolfo Meisel Roca

In this paper we analyze the colonial origins of the current economic inequalities among the regions of Colombia. The next section reviews the recent literature of the new institutional economic history on the intercountry and interregional economic inequalities observed in the Americas. The major geographical aspects of the Colombian territory are discussed, since together with institutions geography is considered to be a key determinant of economic prosperity in the long run. A simple model relating prosperity with a proxy for institutions and geographical variables was estimated for the cities with more than 100.000 inhabitants. In the final comments we discuss one of the main options for the advancement of regions which have a bad colonial history" in comparison with other regions in the same country. RESUMEN: En este trabajo se analizan los orígenes coloniales de las desigualdades económicas entre las regiones de Colombia. Se hace una revisión de los estudios más recientes en la tradición de la nueva historia institucional para tratar de entender cómo las instituciones coloniales llevaron a las enormes desigualdades territoriales que hoy se observan en los países americanos. Se presentan los aspectos más sobresalientes de la geografía física colombiana, ya que la geografía y las instituciones son consideradas como las bases últimas de las desigualdades económicas entre las regiones. Se realiza un sencillo análisis econométrico para relacionar los niveles de pobreza observados en las ciudades colombianas de más de 100.000 habitantes con una proxy de instituciones coloniales y una medida de características geográficas. En las reflexiones finales se discute una de las opciones más claras que tienen las regiones de un país que tienen una "mala historia colonial" para poder superar esa situación: la inversión en capital humano."

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Date of creation: 12 Mar 2013
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:010628
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  1. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte, 2001. "La topografía económica de Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 003095, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  2. Luis Armando Galvis, 2009. "Geografía económica del Caribe Continental," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 006304, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  3. Joaquín Viloria De La Hoz, 2009. "Geografía económica de la Orinoquia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional 113, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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