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La topografía económica de Colombia

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  • Luis Armando Galvis Aponte

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Abstract

En el presente documento se analiza la distribución de la actividad económica y la población en Colombia. A partir de la representación de mapas temáticos se observa la gran concentración que existe en la población y la actividad económica en el centro del país. Se encuentra que más del 60% de la población y el 70% del PIB se localizan en la zona central. A través de índices de correlación espacial tales como el índice de Moran, Geary, Getis y Ord se evalúa la dependencia espacial de la actividad económica de los municipios, encontrándose importantes dependencias espaciales en los "antiguos departamentos". En los demás municipios se encuentran correlaciones en la actividad económica muy bajas o no significativas, lo cual evidencia la débil integración que existe entre ellos.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Armando Galvis Aponte, 2001. "La topografía económica de Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 22, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:22
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.22
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.22
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. John Luke Gallup & Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew D. Mellinger, 1998. "Geography and Economic Development," NBER Working Papers 6849, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Davis, Donald R. & Weinstein, David E., 1999. "Economic geography and regional production structure: An empirical investigation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 379-407, February.
    3. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte, 2001. "¿Qué determina la productividad agrícola departamental en Colombia?," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 19, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte, 2010. "Geografia economica del Caribe continental colombiano," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, September.
    5. John Luke Gallup & Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew D. Mellinger, 1998. "Geography and Economic Development," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1856, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Armando Galvis & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2010. "Fondo de Compensación Regional: Igualdad de oportunidades para la periferia colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 122, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Igor Esteban Zuccardi Huertas, 2002. "Los ciclos económicos regionales en Colombia, 1986-2000," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 25, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Juan Esteban Vélez Villegas, 2009. "Los procesos de aglomeración en Colombia a la luz de la nueva geografía económica," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 27(58), pages 106-139, August.
    4. Fernando Salgueiro Perobelli & Eduardo Amaral Haddad & Jaime Bonet Moron & Geoffrey Hewings, 2010. "Structural Interdependence Among Colombian Departments," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(3), pages 279-300.
    5. Laura Cepeda Emiliani & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2014. "¿Habrá una segunda oportunidad sobre la tierra? Instituciones coloniales y disparidades económicas regionales en Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 16(31), pages 287-310, July-Dece.
    6. Juan D. Barón, 2010. "Geografía económica de los Andes Occidentales de Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 006841, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    7. Meisel-Roca, Adolfo & Pérez-Valbuena, Gerson Javier, 2008. "Geografía física y poblamiento en la costa Caribe colombiana," Chapters, in: Bonet-Morón, Jaime Alfredo (ed.),Geografía económica y análisis espacial en Colombia, chapter 2, pages 47-106, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Gustavo A. García, 2017. "Labor Informality: Choice or Sign of Segmentation? A Quantile Regression Approach at the Regional Level for Colombia," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(4), pages 985-1017, November.
    9. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2011. "Diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia," Revista Sociedad y Economía - CIDSE, Universidad del Valle - CIDSE, December.
    10. Luis Armando Galvis A., 2012. "Informalidad laboral en las áreas urbanas de Colombia," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, June.
    11. Juan Tomás Sayago Gómez, 2014. "The spatial agglomeration of educated people in Colombia," Revista Cuadernos de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia -FCE - CID, June.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    localización; correlación espacial; GIS.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods

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