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The spatial agglomeration of educated people in Colombia

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  • Juan Tomás Sayago Gómez

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Abstract

Over the past few decades, Colombia’s education system has been growing in terms of access and coverage. However, this development has taken place mainly in bigger cities, and displays an agglomeration of graduates in tertiary education. The purpose of this article is to test this hypothesis of agglomeration and attempt to find out which factors are associated to this phenomena: quality of life, the effects of income, political safety, and supply of education. Using empirical evidence derived from real data obtained by DANE in the 2005 Census and a variable of violence from the IEPRI, spatial econometric models are set out to understand its dynamics, to stop and reverse this agglomeration, and to create benefits for smaller municipalities. ****** El sistema educativo colombiano ha crecido en las últimas décadas en acceso y cobertura, pero este desarrollo se ha centrado en las principales ciudades y se presenta una aglomeración en estas de graduados en educación terciaria. Este artículo pretende comprobar esta hipótesis y examinar cuáles factores están relacionados con este fenómeno: calidad de vida, ingreso, seguridad política y oferta educativa. Utilizando información del DANE y del Iepri se plantean modelos de econometría espacial para aproximarse al problema, entender sus causas y formular políticas que puedan contener esta dinámica y generar beneficios para las pequeñas poblaciones en el país.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Tomás Sayago Gómez, 2014. "The spatial agglomeration of educated people in Colombia," Revista Cuadernos de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia -FCE - CID, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:011524
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Education; education maps; spatial analysis; Moran’s index; spatial econometric models.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • I29 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Other
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models

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