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Inequidad espacial en la dotación educativa regional en Colombia

  • Jaime Bonet

    ()

Este artículo estudia los cambios en la inequidad de la dotación educativa en Colombia entre 1968 y 2000 en términos de desigualdades intra e inter regionales. Se introducen recientes técnicas analíticas para examinar las consecuencias de los efectos espaciales en la evolución de la desigualdad. Adicionalmente, se analiza la relación existente entre los regímenes administrativos intergubernamentales y las inequidades. Los resultados indican que los efectos espaciales incrementan las desigualdades en la dotación educativa entre regiones y al interior de las mismas. Mientras que la descentralización está asociada con tasas de crecimiento altas en la dotación educativa, las medidas de desigualdad registran una mayor disminución durante los períodos de administración centralizada. Debido a que actualmente la educación opera bajo un esquema descentralizado y a que el malestar social aún persisten en Colombia, la adopción de un componente redistributivo y la incorporación de una dimensión espacial deben ser prioritarias en la modificación de las políticas diseñadas para reducir las disparidades en la dotación educativa regional.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 002846.

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Length: 48
Date of creation: 28 Feb 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000102:002846
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  1. Ligia Melo Becerra, 2005. "Impacto De La Descentralización Fiscal Sobre La Educación Pública Colombiana," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002802, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Lucia Quadrado & Henk Folmer & Sudha Loman, 2001. "Regional inequality in the provision of health care in Spain," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 33(5), pages 783-798, May.
  3. George J. Borjas & Olga Lucía Acosta Navarro, 2000. "Education reform in Colombia," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 002410, FEDESARROLLO.
  4. Ana María Iregui & Jorge Ramos & Luz Amparo Saavedra, 2001. "Análisis De La Descentralización Fiscal En Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 001984, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  5. Carlos R. Azzoni, 2001. "Economic growth and regional income inequality in Brazil," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 133-152.
  6. Dapeng Hu & Masahisa Fujita, 2001. "Regional disparity in China 1985-1994: The effects of globalization and economic liberalization," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 3-37.
  7. Jaime Bonet, 2004. "Descentralización fiscal y disparidades en el ingreso regional: la experiencia colombiana," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 002282, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
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