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Inequidad espacial en la dotación educativa regional en Colombia

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  • Jaime Bonet

Abstract

Este artículo estudia los cambios en la inequidad de la dotación educativa en Colombia entre 1968 y 2000 en términos de desigualdades intra e inter regionales. Se introducen recientes técnicas analíticas para examinar las consecuencias de los efectos espaciales en la evolución de la desigualdad. Adicionalmente, se analiza la relación existente entre los regímenes administrativos intergubernamentales y las inequidades. Los resultados indican que los efectos espaciales incrementan las desigualdades en la dotación educativa entre regiones y al interior de las mismas. Mientras que la descentralización está asociada con tasas de crecimiento altas en la dotación educativa, las medidas de desigualdad registran una mayor disminución durante los períodos de administración centralizada. Debido a que actualmente la educación opera bajo un esquema descentralizado y a que el malestar social aún persisten en Colombia, la adopción de un componente redistributivo y la incorporación de una dimensión espacial deben ser prioritarias en la modificación de las políticas disenadas para reducir las disparidades en la dotación educativa regional.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaime Bonet, 2005. "Inequidad espacial en la dotación educativa regional en Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 2846, Banco de la República, Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:002846
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.56
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. George J. Borjas & Olga Lucía Acosta Navarro, 2000. "Education reform in Colombia," Working Papers Series. Documentos de Trabajo 2410, Fedesarrollo.
    2. Ligia Melo Becerra, 2005. "Impacto De La Descentralización Fiscal Sobre La Educación Pública Colombiana," Borradores de Economia 2802, Banco de la Republica.
    3. Fan, C Cindy & Casetti, Emilio, 1994. "The Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of U.S. Regional Income Inequality, 1950-1989," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 28(2), pages 177-196.
    4. Ana María Iregui & Jorge Ramos & Luz Amparo Saavedra, 2001. "Análisis de la Descentralización Fiscal en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 175, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Shorrocks, Anthony F, 1984. "Inequality Decomposition by Population Subgroups," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(6), pages 1369-1385, November.
    6. Jaime Bonet, 2004. "Descentralización fiscal y disparidades en el ingreso regional: la experiencia colombiana," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 2282, Banco de la República, Economía Regional.
    7. Carlos R. Azzoni, 2001. "Economic growth and regional income inequality in Brazil," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 35(1), pages 133-152.
    8. Dapeng Hu & Masahisa Fujita, 2001. "Regional disparity in China 1985-1994: The effects of globalization and economic liberalization," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 35(1), pages 3-37.
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    Cited by:

    1. Leonardo Bonilla-Mejía & Erika Londoño-Ortega & Lina Cardona-Sosa & Luis Daniel Trujillo-Escalante, 2018. "¿Quiénes son los docentes en Colombia? Características generales y brechas regionales," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 276, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo, 2011. "Determinantes de las diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia, un ejercicio de microdescomposición," Chapters, in: Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo (ed.), Dimensión regional de las desigualdades en Colombia, chapter 3, pages 67-119, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Gerson Javier Perez, 2012. "Primera versión de la política de seguridad democrática: se cumplieron los objetivos?," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, December.
    4. Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo, 2011. "Diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia," Chapters, in: Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo (ed.), Dimensión regional de las desigualdades en Colombia, chapter 2, pages 35.63, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Mora Rodríguez, Jhon James & Estrada Nates, Daniela, 2021. "La relación entre el desarrollo de los municipios y la puntuación en Matemáticas: un caso aplicado para Colombia|| The relationship between the municipality development and mathematic score: the Colom," Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa = Journal of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, vol. 32(1), pages 112-129, December.
    6. Galvis-Aponte, Luis Armando & Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo, 2014. "Desigualdades en la distribución del nivel educativo de los docentes en Colombia," Chapters, in: Sánchez Jabba, Andrés & Otero Cortés, Andrea (ed.), Educación y desarrollo regional en Colombia, chapter 6, pages 213-234, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Juan Tomás Sayago Gómez, 2014. "The spatial agglomeration of educated people in Colombia," Revista Cuadernos de Economia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, FCE, CID, June.
    8. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte & Adolfo meisel R., 2010. "Fondo de Compensación Regional: Igualdad de oportunidades para la periferia colombiana," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 6634, Banco de la República, Economía Regional.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    inequidad;

    JEL classification:

    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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