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Education reform in Colombia

Author

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  • George J. Borjas

    ()

  • Olga Lucía Acosta Navarro

    ()

Abstract

Abstract. Public education is one of the largest components of the public sectorin Colombia, in term of its size, share of public expenditures, and geographic coverage. In 1997, Colombia had 85 thousand educational establishments, 390 thousand teachers, and 8.6 million students. In addition, public school teachers and educational staff comprise the highest percentage of public sector employment. During the last half of the 1980s, the Central government promoted a reorganization of the state administration to give municipalities a greater responsibility in financing and administering most public services. This paper examines various aspects of the public education system in Colombia and evaluates the impact of the educational reforms adopted in the last decade. Our empirical analysis suggests that with the exception of teacher salaries, which experienced a significant increase after 1994, the trends in several measures of educational outcomes are roughly similar both before and after 1994. It seems unlikely, therefore, that the education reforms had much impact on Colombia´s education system. The paper concludes by making a number of policy recommendations that could improve the allocation of resources in this large and important sector.

Suggested Citation

  • George J. Borjas & Olga Lucía Acosta Navarro, 2000. "Education reform in Colombia," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 002410, FEDESARROLLO.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000123:002410
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/820
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert J. Barro, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-443.
    2. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jaime Bonet, 2006. "Inequidad espacial en la dotación educativa regional en Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 24(51), pages 92-128, June.
    2. Carlos Estaban Posada & Wilman Gómez, 2002. "Crecimiento Económico Y Gasto Público Un Modelo Para El Caso Colombiano," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 20(41-42), pages 5-86, June.
    3. World Bank, 2002. "Colombia : Poverty Report, Volume 1. Main Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15294, The World Bank.
    4. repec:bdr:ensayo:v::y:2006:i:51:p:92-128 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. World Bank, 2005. "Colombia : Public Expenditure Review," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8559, The World Bank.
    6. Ligia Melo Becerra, 2005. "Impacto De La Descentralización Fiscal Sobre La Educación Pública Colombiana," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002802, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    7. Jaime Andrés Sarmiento Espinel & Adriana Carolina Silva Arias, 2014. "La formación del economista en Colombia," REVISTA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ECONÓMICAS, UNIVERSIDAD MILITAR NUEVA GRANADA, vol. 0(1), pages 231-262, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Educación; Reforma de la Educación; Política Educativa; Economía Institucional;

    JEL classification:

    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • P11 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform

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