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Productividad y competitividad del Sistema de Ciudades

Author

Listed:
  • Juan Mauricio Ramírez

    ()

  • Iván Zubieta

    ()

  • Juan Guillermo Bedoya

    ()

Abstract

Este estudio caracteriza el Sistema de Ciudades de Colombia desde el punto de vista de la productividad y la competitividad, y analiza los factores que inciden en ellos con el fin de proponer estrategias y políticas para fortalecerlos. Se encuentra que las diferencias en la productividad por hora trabajada son las que explican en mayor grado las diferencias en el PIB per cápita entre las trece principales áreas metropolitanas. A su vez, las diferencias en productividad están positivamente asociadas con la densidad empresarial formal, el tamaño promedio de los establecimientos formales, el capital humano y la presencia de clústers de alta productividad. Con base en estos resultados se discuten políticas transversales y verticales que permitan la consolidación de un Sistema de Ciudades en Colombia a través de un aumento sustancial de la productividad de sus centros urbanos.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Mauricio Ramírez & Iván Zubieta & Juan Guillermo Bedoya, 2015. "Productividad y competitividad del Sistema de Ciudades," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 45(1), pages 45-89, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:014392
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Duranton, Gilles & Puga, Diego, 2014. "The Growth of Cities," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 5, pages 781-853, Elsevier.
    2. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
    3. Humberto Mora & Ulpiano Ayala Oramas & Catalina Gutiérrez & Andrés Mauricio Velasco, 1999. "Financiamiento de la educación: evaluación de la viabilidad del sistema de capitación," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Roberto Angulo & Dalma Ariza & Alfredo Bateman & Natalie Gómez & Jorge Iván González & Javier Pérez & Juan Mauricio Ramírez & Fabio Sánchez, 2018. "Medición del Desempeño Municipal: Hacia una gestión orientada a resultados," Documentos CEDE 016427, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    2. World Bank, 2002. "Colombia : Poverty Report, Volume 1. Main Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15294, The World Bank.
    3. repec:bdr:ensayo:v::y:2006:i:51:p:92-128 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. World Bank, 2005. "Colombia : Public Expenditure Review," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8559, The World Bank.
    5. Equipo DDDR & Javier PEREZ BURGOS & Natalie GÓMEZ ARTEAGA & Dalma ARIZA HERNANDEZ & M. Juliana RUIZ HAKSPIEL, 2018. "Medición del Desempeño Municipal: hacia una gestión orientada a resultados," Archivos de Economía 016207, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ciudades; Geografía económica; Desarrollo regional; Crecimiento económico; Política industrial; América Latina; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy

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