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Crecimiento Económico Y Gasto Público Un Modelo Para El Caso Colombiano

  • Carlos Estaban Posada

    ()

  • Wilman Gómez

    ()

a tasa de crecimiento económico puede estar positivamente relacionada con el gasto público en capital humano e infraestructura física. Pero el gasto público tiene un costo de oportunidad, así que debe existir un nivel óptimo de tal gasto. En este documento se presenta un modelo de crecimiento económico con gasto público en esos rubros, y los resultados de las simulaciones con aquel para estimar o evaluar, en el caso colombiano:1) los niveles óptimos del gasto público en capital humano e infraestructura, 2) la pérdida de bienestar social derivada de financiar el gasto público con impuestos que distorsionan la asignación la asignación de los recursos, 3) los tiempos requeridos y las velocidades de convergencia al estado estable a partir de situaciones alejadas de éste y 4) la importancia relativa de dos motores principales del crecimiento económico: la acumulación de acervos productivos (en capital físico, individual, capital humano e infraestructura) y el cambio técnico no incorporado y exógeno

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Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): (2002)
Issue (Month): ()
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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:002217
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  1. Robert J. Barro, 1988. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth," NBER Working Papers 2588, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. María Teresa Ramírez & Hadi Salehi Esfahani, 1999. "Infraestructure And Economic Growth," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002876, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  3. Jairo Núñez & Roberto Steiner & Ximena Cadena & Renata Pardo, 2002. "¿Cuáles Colegios Ofrecen Mejor Educación En Colombia?," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003796, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  4. David Aschauer, 1988. "Is public expenditure productive?," Staff Memoranda 88-7, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  5. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1990. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 3541, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. King, R.G. & Rebelo, S.T., 1989. "Transitional Dynamics And Economic Growth In The Neoclassical Model," RCER Working Papers 206, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  7. Bleaney, Michael & Nishiyama, Akira, 2002. " Explaining Growth: A Contest between Models," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 43-56, March.
  8. Kalaitzidakis, Pantelis, et al, 2001. " Measures of Human Capital and Nonlinearities in Economic Growth," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 6(3), pages 229-54, September.
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  10. King, Robert G & Rebelo, Sergio, 1990. "Public Policy and Economic Growth: Developing Neoclassical Implications," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages S126-50, October.
  11. George J. Borjas & Olga Lucía Acosta Navarro, 2000. "Education reform in Colombia," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 002410, FEDESARROLLO.
  12. McDonald, Scott & Roberts, Jennifer, 2002. "Growth and multiple forms of human capital in an augmented Solow model: a panel data investigation," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 74(2), pages 271-276, January.
  13. Sugata Ghosh, 2002. "On public investment, long-run growth, and the real exchange rate," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 54(1), pages 72-90, January.
  14. Shioji, Etsuro, 2001. " Public Capital and Economic Growth: A Convergence Approach," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 6(3), pages 205-27, September.
  15. Glomm, Gerhard & Ravikumar, B., 1994. "Public investment in infrastructure in a simple growth model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 1173-1187, November.
  16. Juan Carlos ECHEVERRY & Andrés ESCOBAR & Mauricio SANTA MARIA, 2002. "Tendencias, ciclos y distribución del ingreso en Colombia: Una crítica al concepto de modelo de desarrollo," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 003554, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  17. Rebelo, Sergio, 1991. "Long-Run Policy Analysis and Long-Run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 500-521, June.
  18. Limao, Nuno & Venables, Anthony J., 1999. "Infrastructure, geographical disadvantage, and transport costs," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2257, The World Bank.
  19. Alwyn Young, 1998. "Paasche vs. Laspeyres: The Elasticity of Substitution and Bias in Measures of TFP Growth," NBER Working Papers 6663, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  20. Pritchett, Lant, 1996. "Where has all the education gone?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1581, The World Bank.
  21. Ben S. Bernanke & Refet S. Gurkaynak, 2001. "Is Growth Exogenous? Taking Mankiw, Romer and Weil Seriously," NBER Working Papers 8365, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  24. Larry E. Jones & Rodolfo Manuelli, 1990. "A Convex Model of Equilibrium Growth," NBER Working Papers 3241, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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