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Crecimiento Económico Y Gasto Público Un Modelo Para El Caso Colombiano

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  • Carlos Estaban Posada

    ()

  • Wilman Gómez

    ()

Abstract

La tasa de crecimiento económico puede estar positivamente relacionada con el gasto público en capital humano e infraestructura física. Pero el gasto público tiene un costo de oportunidad, así que debe existir un nivel óptimo de tal gasto. En este documento se presenta un modelo de crecimiento económico con gasto público en esos rubros, y los resultados de las simulaciones con aquel para estimar o evaluar, en el caso colombiano:1) los niveles óptimos del gasto público en capital humano e infraestructura, 2) la pérdida de bienestar social derivada de financiar el gasto público con impuestos que distorsionan la asignación la asignación de los recursos, 3) los tiempos requeridos y las velocidades de convergencia al estado estable a partir de situaciones alejadas de éste y 4) la importancia relativa de dos motores principales del crecimiento económico: la acumulación de acervos productivos (en capital físico, individual, capital humano e infraestructura) y el cambio técnico no incorporado y exógeno

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Estaban Posada & Wilman Gómez, 2002. "Crecimiento Económico Y Gasto Público Un Modelo Para El Caso Colombiano," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 20(41-42), pages 5-86, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:002217
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Camilo Alvis & Cristian Castrillón, 2013. "Tamaño óptimo del gasto público colombiano: una aproximación desde la teoría del crecimiento endógeno," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, December.
    2. Carlos Esteban Posada & José Fernando Escobar, 2004. "Crecimiento económico y gasto público: experiencias internacionales y el caso colombiano, 1982-99," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 131-167, abril-jun.
    3. Carlos Esteban Posada Posada & Wilman Gómez, 2004. "Un choque del activo externo neto y el ciclo económico Colombiano 1994-2001," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003674, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    4. repec:lde:journl:y:2018:i:88:p:77-108 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Jesús Antonio Bejarano RojasAuthor-Email: jbejarro@banrep.gov.co.Author-Homepage:, 2005. "Estimación estructural y análisis de la curva de Phillips neokeynesiana para Colombia," Revista Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 23(48), pages 64-117, Junio.
    6. Mario Alberto Gaviria Ríos, 2007. "El Crecimiento Endógeno A Partir De Las Externalidades Del Capital Humano," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, June.
    7. Jacobo Campo Robledo & Henry Antonio Mendoza Tolosa, 2014. "Gasto Público y Crecimiento Económico regional en Colombia (1984 - 2012)," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO UCATOLICA 012425, UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE COLOMBIA.
    8. Henry Antonio Mendoza Tolosa & Daniela Galindo Moren & Brian Alexander Vargas González, 2013. "Impacto del gasto público en la dinámica económica regional," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO UCATOLICA 012399, UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE COLOMBIA.
    9. repec:col:000174:016023 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Gómez Muñoz, Wilman & Rhenals M., Remberto, 2007. "Un cálculo del déficit fiscal estructural: análisis y una propuesta metodológica," PERFIL DE COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, December.
    11. Ana Buisán & Juan Carlos Caballero & José Manuel Campa & Noelia Jiménez, 2004. "La importancia de la histéresis en las exportaciones de manufacturas de los países de la UEM," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 169-222, abril-jun.
    12. Carlos Esteban Posada, 2002. "Modelos de crecimiento y estilos de desarrollo: varias precisiones y una conjetura," REVISTA APUNTES DEL CENES, UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGOGICA Y TECNOLOGICA DE COLOMBIA, June.
    13. Galvis Ciro, Juan Camilo & Bedoya Ospina, Juan Guillermo & Loaiza Maya, Rubén Albeiro, 2011. "Una regla de política fiscal óptima para la economía colombiana: aproximación desde un modelo de equilibrio general dinámico y estocástico," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE, November.
    14. John C. Driscoll & Steinar Holden, 2004. "Coordinación, trato justo y persistencia de la inflación," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 97-129, abril-jun.
    15. Gonzalo Restrepo Quintero & Daphne Alvarez Villa, 2005. "Ley 617 de 2000 y su impacto fiscal territorial," ENSAYOS SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL (ESER) 003139, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
    16. Wilman Gómez & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2004. "Un "Choque" del Activo Externo Neto y el Ciclo Económico Colombiano," Borradores de Economia 285, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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    Keywords

    Crecimiento Económico;

    JEL classification:

    • D90 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - General

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