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Determinantes de las diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia, un ejercicio de microdescomposición

  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía

    ()

En este estudio se exploran los determinantes de las diferencias regionales en la distribución delingreso de los hogares de las veintitrés ciudades principales de Colombia. El objetivo es esclarecerlos factores por los cuales en algunas ciudades el crecimiento de la economía ha sido compatiblecon aumentos sustanciales en la desigualdad del ingreso. La estrategia seguida consiste en modelarcómo sería la distribución del ingreso de los habitantes urbanos de Colombia si las ciudades consideradas compartieran algunas de las características de Bogotá. Para esto se emplean métodos demicrodescomposición paramétrica. La estructura de retornos y su interacción con la educación y elnúmero de niños, así como los ingresos no laborales, destacan entre los factores cuyos efectos empeoran la distribución del ingreso. El factor más progresivo de la capital es su estructura ocupacional.

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Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): 27 (2009)
Issue (Month): 59 (June)
Pages: 100-156

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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:006897
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