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Efectos regionales de una mayor liberación comercial en Colombia: Una estimación con el Modelo CEER

Author

Listed:
  • Eduardo A. Haddad
  • Jaime Bonet
  • Geoffrey J.D. Hewings
  • Fernando S. Perobelli

Abstract

Este trabajo es un primer intento para relacionar los fundamentos teóricos de la nueva geografía económica con modelos espaciales de equilibrio general. Analizar la distribución de la actividad económica colombiana en el espacio utilizando los supuestos tradicionales de los modelos de equilibrio general computable tiene poco sentido, especialmente cuando una unidad territorial, Bogotá, concentra más de una cuarta parte del PIB y cuando se tienen, en comparación con los estándares europeos o norteamericanos, costos de transporte elevados y poca integración espacial. Lo anterior hace necesario incorporar las imperfecciones del mercado y el componente espacial en el análisis de la creciente participación de Colombia en los mercados externos. El documento se desarrolla utilizando el modelo CEER, un modelo espacial de equilibrio general computable para la economía colombiana, que incorpora rendimientos no constantes a escala y costos de transporte distintos al tipo iceberg. Los resultados de los ejercicios de simulación confirman los impactos asimétricos de la liberalización del comercio sobre una economía, en la que Bogotá puede explotar en mayor grado las economías a escala que el resto del país. El análisis también revela la importancia de las diferentes hipótesis sobre la movilidad de factores y el papel de los precios para comprender mejor las consecuencias de abrir la economía al comercio internacional en un país en desarrollo.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo A. Haddad & Jaime Bonet & Geoffrey J.D. Hewings & Fernando S. Perobelli, 2008. "Efectos regionales de una mayor liberación comercial en Colombia: Una estimación con el Modelo CEER," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 104, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:104
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.104
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jose U. Mora & Celso J. Costa Junior, 2019. "FDI Asymmetries in Emerging Economies: The Case of Colombia," International Journal of Economics and Finance, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 11(8), pages 1-35, August.
    2. Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo, 2011. "Determinantes de las diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia, un ejercicio de microdescomposición," Chapters, in: Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo (ed.), Dimensión regional de las desigualdades en Colombia, chapter 3, pages 67-119, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2011. "Diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia," Revista Sociedad y Economía, Universidad del Valle, CIDSE, December.
    4. Jose U. Mora & Celso J. Costa Junior, 2019. "FDI Asymmetries in Emerging Economies: The Case of Colombia," International Journal of Economics and Finance, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 11(8), pages 1-35, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    nueva geografía económica; Modelo CEER; apertura económica; regiones; Colombia.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • Q22 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Fishery
    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water

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