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Cambios en la Estructura de los Salarios Urbanos en Colombia (1984-2000)

  • Luis Eduardo Arango


  • Carlos Esteban Posada


  • José Darío Uribe


Entre 1984 y 2000 se registraron variaciones importantes en la relación entre salarios de los trabajadores de mayor y menor nivel educativo. Entre 1992 y 1998 se presentó un incremento de esta relación que muy probablemente contribuyó a explicar la reversión de la tendencia previa a la desconcentración del ingreso ocurrida durante los años 90, mientras que lo contrario se observó en los períodos 1984-91 y 1999-2000. Nuestras estimaciones indican que tales variaciones de los salarios fueron causadas por movimientos de la relación entre demanda y oferta laboral, en consonancia con el modelo convencional de determinación de salarios. Además, no se rechaza la hipótesis de ocurrencia de un cambio técnico, al menos en un sentido laxo, intensivo en el uso de trabajadores del mayor nivel educativo durante los años 90 cuyo efecto en la demanda fue tan alto que no logró ser compensado por los aumentos en la oferta. Códigos

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 002088.

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Length: 23
Date of creation: 31 Jul 2004
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:002088
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  1. Branko Jovanovic & Michael M. Lokshin, 2004. "Wage Differentials between the State and Private Sectors in Moscow," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 50(1), pages 107-123, 03.
  2. Shorrocks, A F, 1982. "Inequality Decomposition by Factor Components," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 193-211, January.
  3. Daron Acemoglu, 2002. "Technical Change, Inequality, and the Labor Market," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 40(1), pages 7-72, March.
  4. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555 Elsevier.
  5. David H. Autor & Lawrence F. Katz & Alan B. Krueger, 1998. "Computing Inequality: Have Computers Changed the Labor Market?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 113(4), pages 1169-1213.
  6. van der Gaag, Jacques & Vijverberg, Wim, 1988. "A Switching Regression Model for Wage Determinants in the Public and Private Sectors of a Developing Country," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(2), pages 244-52, May.
  7. Ana Maria Tribin, 2004. "Evolución y causas de la desigualdad salarial en Bogotá," DOCUMENTOS DE ECONOMÍA 002674, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ.
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