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Cambios en la Estructura de los Salarios Urbanos en Colombia (1984-2000)

Author

Listed:
  • Luis Eduardo Arango

    ()

  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    ()

  • José Darío Uribe

    ()

Abstract

Entre 1984 y 2000 se registraron variaciones importantes en la relación entre salarios de los trabajadores de mayor y menor nivel educativo. Entre 1992 y 1998 se presentó un incremento de esta relación que muy probablemente contribuyó a explicar la reversión de la tendencia previa a la desconcentración del ingreso ocurrida durante los años 90, mientras que lo contrario se observó en los períodos 1984-91 y 1999-2000. Nuestras estimaciones indican que tales variaciones de los salarios fueron causadas por movimientos de la relación entre demanda y oferta laboral, en consonancia con el modelo convencional de determinación de salarios. Además, no se rechaza la hipótesis de ocurrencia de un cambio técnico, al menos en un sentido laxo, intensivo en el uso de trabajadores del mayor nivel educativo durante los años 90 cuyo efecto en la demanda fue tan alto que no logró ser compensado por los aumentos en la oferta.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Eduardo Arango & Carlos Esteban Posada & José Darío Uribe, 2004. "Cambios en la Estructura de los Salarios Urbanos en Colombia (1984-2000)," Borradores de Economia 297, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:297
    DOI: 10.32468/be.297
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Daron Acemoglu, 2002. "Technical Change, Inequality, and the Labor Market," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 40(1), pages 7-72, March.
    6. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555, Elsevier.
    7. Shorrocks, A F, 1982. "Inequality Decomposition by Factor Components," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 193-211, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nancy Daza & Luis Fernando Gamboa, 2013. "An approximation to the Informal-formal wage gap in Colombia 2008-2012," Documentos de Trabajo 010990, Universidad del Rosario.
    2. Luis Eduardo Arango & Gabriela Bonilla, 2015. "Human capital agglomeration and social returns to education in Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 012788, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    3. Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo, 2011. "Determinantes de las diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia, un ejercicio de microdescomposición," Chapters, in: Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo (ed.), Dimensión regional de las desigualdades en Colombia, chapter 3, pages 67-119, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    4. Arlen Guarín & Sebastián Londoño & Carlos Medina & Julieth Parra & Christian Posso & Carlos Eduardo Vélez, 2016. "Estimating the Effect of Attending a Public versus a Private University in Colombia on Academic Achievement **** Una Estimación del Efecto sobre el Rendimiento Académico de Asistir a una Universidad P," Borradores de Economia 968, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Carlos Medina & Christian Manuel Posso Suárez, 2010. "Technical Change and Polarization of the Labor Market: Evidence for Brazil, Colombia and Mexico," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007269, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    6. Christian Manuel Posso Suárez, 2008. "Desigualdad salarial en Colombia 1984-2005: cambios en la composición del mercado laboral y retornos a la educación post-secundaria," Borradores de Economia 529, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. John Ariza & Gabriel Montes-Rojas, 2017. "Labour income inequality and the informal sector in Colombian cities," Revista Cuadernos de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia -FCE - CID, vol. 36(72), October.
    8. Iván Bornacelly, 2013. "Educación técnica y tecnológica para la reducción de la desigualdad salarial y la pobreza," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, June.
    9. Nancy Daza & Luis Fernando Gamboa, 2013. "Informal-formal wage gaps in Colombia," Working Papers 301, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    10. Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo, 2011. "Diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia," Chapters, in: Bonilla-Mejía, Leonardo (ed.), Dimensión regional de las desigualdades en Colombia, chapter 2, pages 35.63, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    11. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2011. "Diferencias regionales en la distribución del ingreso en Colombia," Revista Sociedad y Economía - CIDSE, Universidad del Valle - CIDSE, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Salarios relativos; función de producción CES; demanda y oferta de trabajo calificado; cambio técnico sesgado.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs

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