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Geografía física y poblamiento en la Costa Caribe Colombiana

Author

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  • Adolfo Meisel Roca

    ()

  • Gerson Javier Pérez V

    ()

Abstract

En los últimos años prestigiosos investigadores económicos han señalado la importancia de la geografía para entender el desarrollo económico en el largo plazo, así como las diferencias en los niveles de renta que se observan entre países y entre las regiones de un mismo país. Esta literatura empírica se aparta del análisis de los determinantes próximos de las desigualdades en los niveles de productividad, básicamente capital humano e infraestructura, para ir un poco más a fondo tratando de encontrar las raíces de las diferencias en el ingreso. En esa literatura predominan dos variantes principales: los que encuentran un efecto directo de la geografía sobre el nivel del ingreso per capita, vía su efecto sobre la productividad agrícola, la salud y el acceso a los mercados, y los que argumentan que ese efecto se produce vía la influencia que la geografía tuvo en el pasado sobre la creación de instituciones que han tenido una gran continuidad en el tiempo. Pero en ambas corrientes es evidente que la geografía es uno de los aspectos más importantes para tener en cuenta y entender el desempeño económico de largo plazo de un país o región. Por esa razón, en este trabajo hemos querido estudiar en detalle los aspectos principales de la geografía física de la Costa Caribe, una región rezagada en su desarrollo económico en relación al resto del país. En la primera sección se describen las principales características de la geografía física de la Costa Caribe: orografía, ubicación de los principales cuerpos de agua, altitud sobre el nivel del mar, régimen de lluvias y características agro ecológicas de los suelos, así como sus usos actuales y potenciales. Luego se analiza la distribución espacial de la población en el territorio Caribe, con énfasis en la densidad población entre las diferentes subregiones.

Suggested Citation

  • Adolfo Meisel Roca & Gerson Javier Pérez V, 2006. "Geografía física y poblamiento en la Costa Caribe Colombiana," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 73, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:73
    DOI: 10.32468/dtseru.73
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.73
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Aguilera-Díaz, María Modesta & Meisel-Roca, Adolfo, 2009. "¿La isla que se repite? : Cartagena en el censo de población de 2005," Chapters, in: Tres siglos de historia demográfica en Cartagena de Indias, chapter 3, pages 107-146, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Luis Armando Galvis Aponte & Adolfo meisel R., 2010. "Fondo de Compensación Regional: Igualdad de oportunidades para la periferia colombiana," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 006634, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    3. William R. Baca M., 2009. "Las visiones sobre instituciones y desarrollo regional en el Caribe colombiano: Un debate en marcha," Revista de Economía del Caribe 007116, Universidad del Norte.
    4. Luis Armando Galvis, 2009. "Geografía económica del Caribe Continental," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 119, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Meisel-Roca, Adolfo, 2007. "La Guajira y el mito de las regalías redentoras," Chapters, in: Meisel-Roca, Adolfo (ed.), Las economías departamentales del Caribe continental colombiano, chapter 5, pages 370-421, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Geografía; economía regional; Costa Caribe; población; transición demográfica.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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